CJ 350 Chapter 4 Lecture (History) WInter 2011

CJ 350 Chapter 4 Lecture (History) WInter 2011 - CJ350...

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    CJ 350 Dr. Kierkus February 2011 Historic Approaches to  Juvenile Justice
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    The creation of separate institutions for  children who break the law is a recent  invention. Throughout most of recorded history the  contemporary idea of childhood did not exist. Up until the mid 19 th  century children were  viewed as: Small adults. Parental property (and / or a source of income). Something one didn’t become attached to. Introduction
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    Family served as the primary unit of  social control. Mother and children obeyed father. Children were sent away from home as  needed: Binding out:  placing children in the service  of others for a time. Apprenticeships:  master taught a trade and  was responsible for controlling behavior. The Role of the Family in  Feudal Europe. 
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    Early Social Control in Feudal  Europe As European society transitioned from largely  agrarian feudalism to an urban economy, the need for  formal agents of control increased. Underclass of poor and destitute needed to be  controlled. Correctional institutions housed young and old, men  and women, criminals, the destitute, the infirm, as  well as unwanted children who were “dumped” there. These institutions instilled discipline and were  supposed to teach children to be productive. Used as a cheap source of labor for developing  industry.
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    Children in the New World The Place of Children in Colonial Life. Children played an important role in the settlement of the 
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CJ 350 Chapter 4 Lecture (History) WInter 2011 - CJ350...

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