CJ 350 Correctional Programs (Winter 2011)

CJ 350 Correctional Programs (Winter 2011) - CJ350...

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CJ 350 Dr. Kierkus April 2011 Correctional Programs for  Juvenile Offenders
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Many youth who face adjudication in  juvenile court do  not  receive a formal  correctional disposition. For those who do, there are two basic  options: Referral to a  community based program . Placement in an  institutional program . Introduction
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There are many community based  correctional programs around the country. Variety of goals: Control and sanction youth. Allow youth to maintain existing ties with the  community (and / or develop new ones). Avoid the negative consequences of  institutionalization. Provide a cost effective response to illegal  behavior. Reduce the likelihood of recidivism. Community Corrections
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Probation Most frequently used correctional response. Conditional release of a youth into the community  under the supervision of the court. Primarily home based. There is wide variability in the practice of probation  both across and within jurisdictions. Standard and intensive probation. Probation officers act as service brokers, connecting  clients to community programs. Role conflict between law enforcement / monitoring and  social work functions.
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The research literature is complex, conclusions vary  by jurisdiction, specifics of each program and  research methodology. Some general conclusions can be drawn: Can reduce amount and severity, as well as prolong the  time to, recidivism. Can be a cost effective response when compared with  more restrictive dispositions. Most effective with moderately delinquent youth. However, it’s always difficult to determine “better in  comparison to what?” Effectiveness of Juvenile  Probation
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Intensive probation (supervision) programs (ISP). More restrictive than standard probation, but less restrictive  than incarceration. More conditions (including home confinement), more  frequent contacts with PO, random drug tests, may involve  electronic monitoring. Research results are also mixed, but no  overwhelming evidence that it’s more effective than  “regular” probation. Besides ISP, a number of other home based  correctional programs exist: ISP Programs
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Compensates victims / community for property  loss, damage or physical injury.  Rates of program completion are typically high. Victims and offenders can have positive  perceptions.  Evidence that effectively administered programs,  combined with probation, can reduce recidivism. “Reintegrative shaming”
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CJ 350 Correctional Programs (Winter 2011) - CJ350...

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