CJ 350 Early Juvenile Courts (Chapter 5 - Winter 2011)

CJ 350 Early Juvenile Courts (Chapter 5 - Winter 2011) -...

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    CJ 350 Dr. Kierkus February 2011 The Development of the  Juvenile Court
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    This lecture examines the social and legal  context that led to the development of the  juvenile court. The first juvenile court was founded in  Chicago in 1899. Concept rapidly spread to other jurisdictions. We will also examine key legal issues  associated with juvenile courts and talk about  how this led to reforms in the 1960s and 70s. Introduction
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    The Social Context of the  Juvenile Court Second Half of the 19 th  Century: A time of significant change in the U.S. Industrialization, urbanization, and immigration. Diversification of the population. Number of social problems. Poverty, labor unrest, alcoholism, disease, racial and ethnic  prejudice and discrimination, crime, youth waywardness. American dream was unrealized for many; wealth was  concentrated in the hands of the elite.  Middle and upper classes implemented reforms to  alleviate the worst conditions.  Led to the development of the  child saver   movement.
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  Well-educated, Protestant, middle-class,  conservative white women. Child saving as a public service. Improve conditions in detention facilities. Primary focus was to extend government control  over children (i.e.  parens patriae ). Child savers were concerned about the  practice of placing children in adult jails. Abuses and the development of adult crime. The Child Savers
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CJ 350 Early Juvenile Courts (Chapter 5 - Winter 2011) -...

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