CJ 350 Modern Juvenile Court (Winter 2011)

CJ 350 Modern Juvenile Court (Winter 2011) - CJ355...

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    CJ 355 Dr. Kierkus February 2011 The Modern Juvenile Court
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    The juvenile court is the heart of the  juvenile justice process. Supports the child welfare system. Juvenile courts have multiple roles: Protect public safety. Serve the best interests of children. Ensure the smooth operation of the  juvenile justice process. Introduction
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    The number of cases being processed  in juvenile courts has been growing. Increasing number of referrals from law  enforcement and other agencies. Handle everything from status offenses to  serious crimes.  Increasing willingness to handle a number  of matters formally. The Operation of the Juvenile  Court
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    Case processing: Historically, juvenile courts have been characterized by  informality. Supreme Court cases in the 1960s and 1970s changed  this: Juveniles represented by counsel in juvenile hearings. Records kept. Courts explain these rights to youth and parents who appear  before the court. Similar procedural rules as used adult criminal courts. There is considerable variability across jurisdictions. In some states, juveniles still appear in court without adequate  representation.  The Operation of the Juvenile  Court
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    Each State has at least one court that has  jurisdiction over minors. Structure varies from State to State. Juvenile courts may be part of: District, superior, circuit, county, family or  municipal court. Structure of the court can affect multiple  factors. Status of the court, quality of judges, budget,  adequacy of staff. The Structure of the Juvenile  Court
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  When the juvenile court is part of the general  trial court (as opposed to being separate  court with a limited jurisdiction) it occupies a  stronger position within the State court  structure.   This leads to: A larger share of state resources. More highly paid personnel. Better facilities. More support services.
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CJ 350 Modern Juvenile Court (Winter 2011) - CJ355...

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