CJ 350 Transfer to Adult Court (Winter 2011)

CJ 350 Transfer to Adult Court (Winter 2011) - CJ350...

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CJ 350 Dr. Kierkus April 2011 The Transfer of Juveniles  to Adult Court
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Every State, and the District of Columbia, make it possible  for some juveniles to be tried in adult court. Provisions have existed historically. Waivers, remands, certifications, bindovers or transfers. Serious consequences for juvenile and family:    Loss of juvenile court protections, disqualification from public  employment, personal status degradation, exposure to adult  criminals and restriction of legitimate opportunities. Practice is becoming more common: Little empirical support for it. Supposed to “get tough on crime” but may actually place  community at greater risk. Introduction
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Based on the assumption that the juvenile  court is not the appropriate place for handling  some juveniles. Once a juvenile is transferred, the youth  legally becomes an adult and is subject to the  same treatment as any other adult. Each State has established criteria that must  be met prior to transfer (based primarily on  age and offense seriousness). The Purpose of Transfer
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Decisions to transfer a case was historically made in the  juvenile court. Today, there are several mechanisms for transferring cases to  adult court. Some jurisdictions use multiple mechanisms. Traditional or judicial waiver: Hearing in juvenile court. Youth must meet certain age and offense criteria. Court will consider probable cause, threat posed by  juvenile, program suitability in adult and juvenile systems. Prosecutor usually requests hearing, but parents or youth 
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This note was uploaded on 04/05/2011 for the course CJ 350 taught by Professor Kierkus during the Winter '11 term at Grand Valley State.

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CJ 350 Transfer to Adult Court (Winter 2011) - CJ350...

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