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Unformatted text preview: Definition of Treatment/Rehabilitation programs Treatment/Rehabilitation A planned correctional intervention that targets for change internal and or external factors with the goal of reducing recidivism, and where possible, other aspects of an offenders’ life. Prediction problem. Reintegration into law abiding behavior. Criminal behavior peaks between 1424. Occurs both inside correctional facilities and outside (community based diversion). Martinson’s Research Martinson’s Page 219 of text. Is the debate concerning “what works” as ideological as it is empirical? Is it a political issue? Crucial question is whether judges and correctional officials can correctly identify the more amenable offenders and sentence them to the right treatment program. Diversion Diversion Key component of the 1967 President Crime Commission report. Planned intervention that had stated goals, a professional staff, and treatment services. Promised to be more effective long term, cheaper than incarceration, and more humane. Early example – Manhattan Court Employment Project (page 222). Net widening problem! Does Diversion Rehabilitate? Does Potential problems: Unrealistic goals or objectives that cannot be measured. Poor match between client and treatment . Process issues such as failure to adequately supervise client or quality of treatment program. Voluntary nature of program. Due process (required admission of guilt) Drug Treatment Courts Drug MCL 600. 1060(c) defines drug treatment courts as … a court supervised treatment program for individuals who abuse or any controlled substance or alcohol. Specifically designed to reduce recidivism and substance abuse among nonviolent substanceabusing offenders and to increase the likelihood of successful habilitation through early, continuous, and intense judicially supervised treatment, mandatory periodic drug testing, and use of appropriate sanctions. Drug treatment courts treat addiction as a complex disease. MI Drug Treatment Courts MI In June of 1992, first drug court established in Kalamazoo. Currently 84 drug treatment courts , consisting of 32 adult drug courts, 23 DWI courts, 15 juvenile drug courts, and 3 tribal healingtowellness courts. Operate in 40 different counties. Kent County 61st District Sobriety Court. Key Components Key Integrate drug treatment services with justice system case processing. Non adversarial approach. Broad based access to treatment & rehabilitation services. Intense monitoring and appropriate sanctions for lapses. Measure achievement of individual goals. Ongoing judicial interaction. Partnerships between court, public treatment agencies, & community based organizations. Impact of Drug Treatment Courts Courts Graduation rates among MI drug treatment courts vary depending on drug court type. (State Court Administrators Office, 2005). Adult circuit programs 43% Adult district programs 54% DWI programs 65% Juvenile programs 43% Overall, MI DT courts was consistent with national completion rates, which range from 2766% Emerging Issues & Programs Emerging Family dependency treatment courts: Mission is to establish an integrated, court based collaboration that protects children from abuse and neglect precipitated by parental substance abuse. Family based treatment Identify community based resources. Temporary and permanent placement of children outside the home. Probation Probation Most widely used rehabilitation program in the criminal justice system – Why? WWW.michigan.gov/corrections Effectiveness? Cost? What factors are good predictors of success? Parole Parole Places future in hands of individual. Two phases: Discretionary release Post release supervision Prison reentry initiatives www.michigan.gov/corrections Intense parole supervision (IPS) using home confinement and electronic monitoring Sex Offender Treatment Sex Research has shown that treatment programs do not remove the attraction but can provide some self monitoring techniques. Treatment will vary depending on risk factors to the public. Wide range of offenders, from indecent exposure to pedophiles. www.michigan.gov/msp Click on link for sex offender registry and review the links under “additional information”. Group exercise Variables That Enhance Success of Rehabilitation/Treatment Programs Rehabilitation/Treatment Voluntary nature of treatment. Why? Identifying suitable candidates for specific treatment interventions. Increased supervision and sanctions correlate with less recidivism. Recidivism is affected by many internal & external factors. Support network, after release supervision, and followup support/treatment groups all impact the likelihood of recidivism. ...
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- Winter '11