Zatz (courts) up to pp. 528

Zatz (courts) up to pp. 528 - POLICIES, PROCESSES, AND...

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A B S T R A C T 503 Marjorie S. Zatz is a Professor in the School of Justice Studies at Arizona State University in Tempe. The Convergence of Race, Ethnicity, Gender, and Class on Court Decisionmaking: Looking Toward the 21st Century by Marjorie S. Zatz V OLUME 3 Substantial attention has been paid in recent years to the effects of race and gender on criminal justice processing and sanctioning. Far less consideration has been given to the multiple and often subtle ways in which race, ethnicity, gender, and class converge to influence decisionmaking and to the competing and shifting demands that shape this process. This chapter begins with a review of the major findings from studies with singular emphases on race, gender, or class, outlin- ing the key themes that have emerged in the theoretical and empirical literature. Next, research that explicitly considers the interaction of two or more of these dimensions is addressed, again focusing on both substantive and methodological concerns. Having laid this ground- work, I use the prosecution of crack mothers and the murder trial of O.J. Simpson to exemplify the crucial importance of simultaneously considering the race, ethnicity, gender, and class status of both the offender and the victim. Continuing this theme, I examine three con- temporary crime control policies—the war on drugs, the war on gangs, and the automatic transfer of youths to adult court—to illus- trate how policies and the court decisions based on them may be racialized, gendered, and classed. P OLICIES , P ROCESSES , AND D ECISIONS OF THE C RIMINAL J USTICE S YSTEM
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T HE C ONVERGENCE OF R ACE , E THNICITY , G ENDER , AND C LASS C RIMINAL J USTICE 2000 The second part of the chapter turns toward the future, exploring some cen- tral controversies and questions facing criminologists as we enter the 21st century. These include a range of conceptual and methodological issues, including the distinctions between race/ethnicity and culture and between sex and gender, the crucial importance of how we define discrimination, and measurement issues such as how best to code race, ethnicity, and class. The ramifications of crime control policies and criminal justice decisions for poor communities of color are also emphasized in this last section of the chapter. Finally, I conclude with a set of recommendations for policymakers, practitioners, and researchers. 504 A B S T R A C T
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P OLICIES , P ROCESSES , AND D ECISIONS OF THE C RIMINAL J USTICE S YSTEM V OLUME 3 505 A s we enter the 21st century, one of the consuming questions that our Nation faces is whether the criminal justice system and other societal institutions are fair, or whether they are biased along racial, gender, and/or class lines. Although overt racial discrimination is unconstitutional today, the legacies of slavery and of genocide against American Indians continue to haunt
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This note was uploaded on 04/05/2011 for the course CJ 482 taught by Professor Gerkin during the Winter '11 term at Grand Valley State University.

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Zatz (courts) up to pp. 528 - POLICIES, PROCESSES, AND...

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