Communities that Care - Creating Community Change to...

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Creating Community Change to Improve Youth Development: The Communities That Care System By Blair Brooke-Weiss, M.S.P.H., Kevin P. Haggerty, M.S.W., Abigail A. Fagan, Ph.D., J. David Hawkins, Ph.D., and Rick Cady, B.S. "It's working. I am seeing the results of CTC & its programs on my department's work. For example, we are seeing fewer juvenile arrests and disturbances." - Police Chief Gonzales, Quincy, Washington Twenty-five years ago, we did not have evidence that problems like delinquency or drug abuse in the United States could be prevented. We did not have programs or policies that had been tested and proven effective for promoting the successful development of young people. School-based drug prevention programs that were evaluated before 1980 were found to be largely ineffective (for example, see Moskowitz, 1989), and no programs intended to prevent delinquency in the United States had proven effective (Berleman, 1980). Today this has changed. Prevention scientists have applied a public health approach to these problems, and have shown that the incidence and prevalence of these problems can be significantly reduced. How? Prevention science is based on a simple idea. If you want to prevent something Risk I before it happens, you have to change the factors that predict it. Long-term studies of young people growing - up have identified the predictors of both positive and Availab negative outcomes. Availab The prevention of health and behavior problems in young Commu people requires, at its foundation, the promotion of the toward factors required for positive development. Research shows Media p that five basic factors promote positive social development: opportunities, skills, recognition, strong social bonds, Transiti and clear, consistent standards for behavior. All children Low nei need opportunities to be actively involved with positive commu adults and peers, the skills to participate and succeed in Extrem social, school, and civic settings, and recognition for their efforts, improvements, and accomplishments. When young people are provided with opportunities, Family l skills, and recognition, they develop strong social bonds, Family that is, connections with and commitment to the families, Family schools, and communities that provide these protective Favora factors. When families, schools, and communities involve communicate to young people clear standards for behavior, those who feel bonded, emotionally connected, and invested in the group, will follow those standards that Acaden promote health and success. These five factors are elemen protective factors that promote positive development Lack of in young people (Hawkins & Weis, 1985). l Vi Research has also identified risk factors that can interrupt Early ar the process of positive social development. Studies of young people growing up have identified risk factors for Rebell! a wide range of youth health and behavior problems
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This note was uploaded on 04/05/2011 for the course CJ 495 taught by Professor Johnson during the Winter '11 term at Grand Valley State University.

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Communities that Care - Creating Community Change to...

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