Human Trafficking

Human Trafficking - U.S. Department of Justice Office of...

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U.S. Department of Justice Office of Justice Programs Bureau of Justice Statistics Special Report January 2009, NCJ 224526 Characteristics of Suspected Human Trafficking Incidents, 2007-08 By Tracey Kyckelhahn, Allen J. Beck, Ph.D., and Thomas H. Cohen, Ph.D. BJS Statisticians The Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 (TVPA) and its 2003, 2005, and 2008 reauthorizations are the first com- prehensive federal legislation to combat human trafficking and to assist trafficking victims. Under the TVPA, human trafficking has occurred if a person was induced to perform labor or a commercial sex act through force, fraud, or coer- cion. Any person under age 18 who performs a commercial sex act is considered a victim of human trafficking, regard- less of whether force, fraud, or coercion were present. The Trafficking of Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2005 (P.L. 109-164) requires biennial reporting on human trafficking, using available data from state and local author- ities. In response to this requirement, the Department of Justice (DOJ) funded the creation of the Human Trafficking Reporting System (HTRS). The system was designed by the Institute of Race and Justice at Northeastern University (NEU) and the Justice Policy Center at the Urban Institute (UI). It provides data on human trafficking incidents investi- gated between January 1, 2007, and September 30, 2008. This report fulfills the requirements under Title II, Sec. 201 (a) (1) of the Act. It is the first in a series that will describe the number and characteristics of suspected human traf- ficking investigations and their outcomes in the U.S. Data in this report represent a snapshot of the investigations opened by 38 federally funded human trafficking task forces. Because these task forces were not selected to be statistically representative, the data do not represent all incidents of human trafficking nationwide. (See Methodol- ogy for a map of participating task forces.) While attempts were made to collect complete data from all federal task forces, many task forces began collecting data only recently and were able to provide only partial counts of human trafficking cases for the specified period. The Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) is working with the NEU and UI to improve the quality of reported data and to collect data on investigations by law enforcement agencies in areas not covered by federal task forces. The HTRS is dynamic rather than static. Key findings in this report will be revised and updated as existing records are updated and new cases are added to the system. HTRS tracks incidents of suspected human trafficking The HTRS is an incident-based data collection system. An incident is defined as— Any investigation into a claim of human trafficking or any investigation of other crimes in which elements of poten- tial human trafficking were identified.
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Human Trafficking - U.S. Department of Justice Office of...

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