Intelligence Led Policing

Intelligence Led Policing - Criminal Justice Policy Review...

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1 Criminal Justice Policy Review Volume XX Number XX Month XXXX xx-xx © 2008 Sage Publications 10.1177/0887403408327381 http://cjp.sagepub.com hosted at http://online.sagepub.com Intelligence-Led Policing Conceptual and Functional Considerations for Public Policy David L. Carter Jeremy G. Carter Michigan State University, East Lansing Policing in the post-9/11 era is experiencing a philosophical change that is expanding community- and problem-oriented policing to include the broader philosophy of intel- ligence-led policing (ILP). Building on the British experience, the application of ILP to American policing has been complicated by a number of challenges. Although stim- ulated by 9/11, the movement toward ILP is being furthered by a number of federal public policy initiatives. As a result of these diverse demands, law enforcement must revisit operational policies and creatively adjust their organizations to reflect this new paradigm. This article provides insight on the conceptual background of ILP, public policy standards, and the integration of ILP with community policing. Keywords: intelligence-led policing; homeland security; law enforcement intelligence; homeland security intelligence; community policing P olicing in the post-9/11 environment has entered what may be referred to as the homeland security era (Ratcliffe, 2008b). Specifically with respect to intelligence- led policing (ILP), there are a number of public policy factors that are shaping this new paradigm. The authors will discuss the conceptual foundation for ILP as influenced by the British experience followed by an examination of significant policy developments in the United States that are influencing the adoption of ILP by American law enforce- ment agencies. Although concern has been expressed by police leaders that intelligence activities may undermine community policing initiatives, the authors argue that ILP is a complementary expansion of the community policing concept. British National Intelligence Model (NIM) and ILP 1 When seeking to employ a new concept, policy makers often look to other mod- els in an attempt to learn what works and adopt (or adapt) that practice. The British have a long and more sophisticated legacy in criminal intelligence than U.S. law enforcement, hence the value of examining the British experience. All 43 provincial British constabularies, as well as the London Metropolitan Police, have had some form of fairly long-standing intelligence function to deal with organized crime, drugs, and other complex crimes unique to their jurisdictions. doi:10.1177/0887403408327381 Criminal Justice Policy Review OnlineFirst, published on December 5, 2008 as
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2 Criminal Justice Policy Review At a national level, the National Drugs Intelligence Unit was created in the 1980s to deal with the significant increase in transnational drug trafficking and associated crime. In 1992, the drugs intelligence service was expanded and renamed the National Criminal Intelligence Service (NCIS) to deal with all forms of organized
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Intelligence Led Policing - Criminal Justice Policy Review...

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