Jail Populations

Jail Populations - U.S. Department of Justice Office of...

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and Jennifer C. Karberg BJS Statisticians At midyear 2000 the Nation’s prisons and jails incarcerated 1,931,859 persons. Federal and State prison authorities and local jail authorities held in their custody 702 persons per 100,000 U.S. residents. Prisoners in the custody of the 50 States, the District of Columbia, and the Federal Government accounted for two-thirds of the incarcerated population (1,310,710 inmates). The other third were held in local jails (621,149). On June 30, 2000, 1,385,492 prisoners were under Federal and State jurisdic- tion, which includes inmates in custody and persons under the legal authority of a prison system but held outside its facilities. The number under State jurisdiction rose by 1.5% the small- est annual growth rate in 29 years while the number under Federal juris- diction rose by 9.3%. Idaho (up 17.9%), Delaware (up 12.5%), and North Dakota (up 10.5%) had the largest percentage increases. Eleven States had decreases, including Massachusetts (-4.8%), Alaska (-4.4%), and New York (-3.1%). At midyear 2000 local jail authorities held or supervised 687,033 offenders. Ten percent of these offenders (65,884) were supervised outside jail facilities in programs such as commu- nity service, work release, weekend reporting, electronic monitoring, and other alternative programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics Bulletin From yearend 1990 to midyear 2000 The rate of incarceration in prison and jail increased from 1 in every 218 U.S. residents to 1 in every 142. State, Federal, and local govern- ments had to accommodate an additional 82,438 inmates per year (or the equivalent of 1,585 new inmates per week). In the year ending June 30, 2000 The number of inmates held in jail rose by 15,206, in State prison by 27,953, and in Federal prison by 13,501. In the three largest State prison systems, the number dropped in California (down 33 inmates) and New York (down 2,269 inmates), while it rose in Texas (up 890 inmates). On June 30, 2000 Privately operated prison facilities held 76,010 inmates (up 9.1% since yearend 1999). Local jails were operating 8% below their rated capacity. In contrast, at yearend 1999 State prisons were between 1% and 17% above capacity, and Federal prisons were 32% above their rated capacity. An estimated 12% of black males, 4% of Hispanic males, and 1.7% of white males in their twenties and early thirties were in prison or jail. There were 110 female inmates per 100,000 women in the U.S., compared to 1,297 male inmates per 100,000 men. From yearend 1990 to midyear 2000, the Nation’s prisons and jails grew by 783,157 inmates, an annual increase of 5.6% 0 400,000 800,000 1,200,000 1,600,000 2,000,000 Number in custody Federal prisons State prisons Jails 131,496 inmates in Federal prisons 621,149 inmates in local jails 1,179,214 inmates in State prisons June 30, 2000 1991 1990 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Highlights U.S. Department of Justice Office of Justice Programs
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Jail Populations - U.S. Department of Justice Office of...

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