gov test3 - October 21 Notes The United States Congress...

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October 21 Notes The United States Congress -Powers of Congress: levy taxes, borrow money, regulate commerce, decide requirements for citizenship, make monetary policy, establish a postal system, establish federal courts below the supreme court, declare war, raise an army, call on state militias, make all laws necessary and proper for executing the other powers of Congress Congress does not have general powers; has list it must abide by Political Parties: Set up through leadership roles in the house and the senate, provide forum for discussing issues Speaker of the House :officer of the house (leader of majority party) Majority leader (chief helper of Speaker in the House, most important officer in senete) Whips: connection between leaders and members of informational views and intentions Senate: Operates under unanimous consent agreements made between party leaders that everyone can agree on Filibuster- procedure in which any member of the senate can speak for as long as they desire—can only stop with 60 votes cloture motion. Used to delay to prevent over bills from being considered; they talk for as long as possible (Longest- 24+hours on Civil Rights Act - Strom Thurmond), Can read out of anything as long as keep talking; Today usually a threat and not actually done PIG How strong are congressional parties? Party line vote- vote on which majority of democrats vote opposite of majority of republicans. Today not much overlap in parties- parties must be strong with stronger leadership within the party but this is not the real case…-when someone votes against a party not much happens to that person; Partisanship much stronger in sense of polarization -Congressional Parties: leadership structure; organizing large #s of ppl to make decisions who elect party leaders and debate decisions -The Committee System: division of labor, makes sense to divide the work standing committees- fixed membership, continuing from congress to congress; examples: agriculture, finance, health select committees- temporary to deal with a specific issue or problem distributed theory : members trade votes to get more influence over issues they care about a way to institutionalize vote trades (log roll=ill vote for your bill if you vote for my bill.) informational theory - become expert in one area and report back to the congress Rules Committee very important—usually majority party has a little more control -Caucuses: voluntary group formed by members of congress to work towards a common interests
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-Law making Process: main thing congress does first someone has to introduce a bill, Then it has to be referred to congressional committees depending on subject, Then subcommittees. They listen to experts and can amend the bill, etc. If subject likes it, they can recommend to the full committee - either look at more hearings or send it to Congress to vote
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gov test3 - October 21 Notes The United States Congress...

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