gov notes test2 - GOV SEPT 30 Interest Groups and...

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GOV – SEPT 30 Interest Groups and Collective Action Problems Collective action problems arise when you try to get many people to work together to achieve something. For example, look at Congress – it's hard to get everyone to work together because they all have different goals. But there are other kinds of collective problems too – you might have a lot of people who all want the same thing, and yet somehow end up achieving something that is worse for everyone. We'll be talking about theseaction issues and how they relate to the formation of interest groups. Form and Objectives of Interest Groups (Igs) Interest groups are a group of people that try to work together to achieve certain goals, particularly political goals, on behalf of their membership. The key difference between political parties and interest groups is that interest groups want to achieve goals in terms of what the government does – the environmental interest groups want to get government to pass more protective laws, or whatever. Political groups want to affect what government does, but political parties go about it by trying to get their members elected to government and try to take control of the government. The NRA or someone might support a certain candidate, but they don't have members nominated for political office. The Sierra club doesn't hope that someday 2/3 of the Senate will be from the Sierra club. Some interest groups are participation-oriented, and rely on their members going to a lot of meetings or participating in a lot of activities, while others are contribution-oriented – there are a few people who do a lot, and most members just send in a check. There are also broad-focus interest groups, for instance, _____ for Democratic ____ that supports a general liberal agenda. Then there are single-issue interest groups, like Greenpeace or the NRA, that just focus on one issue. Then there are occupational interest groups – and they form about 80% of interest groups – just interest groups based on people's occupations – like “Bankers of America,” or something. There are also citizen (?) interest groups that are for any citizen who cares about that issue, regardless of occupation or whatever. ______ - who came over from Europe and wrote on American Culture. He said Americans more than anyone else really like forming groups. And this shows up in politics a lot. Why? o One theory is that we're a really large diverse country, which gives people a lot of incentive to form groups. If you hold a view that 80% of people in your country hold, there's no need to form a group to promote it. But if you live in a large country with a lot of different people, you might want to form a group to make sure your concern is addressed.
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o We also have a lot of different points where people in the US can try to access or influence government. These multiple access points result in a lot of people forming groups to try to contact the government. Historical Emergence of Igs
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gov notes test2 - GOV SEPT 30 Interest Groups and...

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