ntr307 discuss2 - Sarah Sarosdy sks739 Due: Friday, October...

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Sarah Sarosdy – sks739 Due: Friday, October 29, 2010 NTR 307 Discussion Questions 2 – Sugar Substitutes 1. What are the reasons people use sugar substitutes? Are sugar substitutes helpful for weight loss, why or why not? The main reason most people use sugar substitutes is because they want to reduce their caloric intake without giving up their craving for sweetness. Many use sugar substitutes as a way to eat satisfying sugary food while not consuming the loads of calories real sugar contains. Sweet-tasting substitutes help disguise unpleasant tastes. Nonnutritive sweeteners also have the potential to assist in dental health since they do not promote dental problems that sugar provides. High fructose intakes can cause hypertriglyceridemia and gastrointestinal symptoms which can be avoided by sugar replacements as well. Even people that are not obese fall into the habit of drinking “diet “drinks in an effort to remain thin but still enjoy the sweet taste. The ADA report stated that sugar substitutes were first invented to help diabetics enjoy the “sweet” taste since their bodies could not process sugar levels as the non-diabetics. As the obesity problem worsens and high sugar levels become a growing health concern, the artificial sweetener business has become incredibly popular. Many people of all sizes are turning to sugar substitutes these days. Nonnutritive sweeteners have the potential to promote weight loss in overweight and obese individuals. The original motivation for their development was based on the goal of providing a sweet taste without energy to persons with diabetes and those wanting to control energy intakes. Nonnutritive sweeteners have the potential to save the consumer up to 16 kcal/tsp of sweetening. Replacing intake of added sugars with nonnutritive sweeteners could result in a deficit of 380 cal/day or 1 pound of weight loss in 9 to 10 days, if intake was at 95 g (24 tsp) daily. Although, sugar substitutes are not always a successful way to lose weight; research discovered diets filled with artificially sweetened food had a propensity to eat more and gain more weight than diets containing the natural high calorie sweet sugar. Consuming real sugar causes a feeling of fullness and results in one to stop eating; artificial sweetened food with fewer macronutrients results in more consumption because the fullness feeling is not realized. Also “artificial sweeteners somehow disrupt the
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body's ability to regulate incoming calories.” Because the body is not expecting as many calories, sugar
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2011 for the course NTR 307 taught by Professor Staskel during the Spring '10 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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ntr307 discuss2 - Sarah Sarosdy sks739 Due: Friday, October...

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