Farm Bill paper - Sarah Sarosdy Sks739 NTR 332 Due 2/21/11...

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Sarah Sarosdy Sks739 – NTR 332 Due 2/21/11 Since Franklin Roosevelt passed the first “Farm Bill” in 1933, much has changed. Originally the bill was designed to help struggling famers during the Great Depression by paying them not to produce six basic commodity crops, thus increasing consumer prices by limiting supply. Since 1965, according to the congressional research service, ten bills are generally agreed to be “Farm Bills.” The current “Farm Bill” was enacted into law on June 18, 2008 replacing the 2002 bill. The Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (current farm bill) governs federal farm and food policy with 15 various programs and titles, which include commodity price and income supports, farm credit, trade, agricultural conservation, research, rural development, energy, as well as foreign and domestic food programs like food stamps and several other nutrition programs. On average, the “Farm Bill” is updated approximately every five years with each update further creating competition for funds as lawmaker opinions of various priorities continue to widen. Some view the bill as a way to ensure America has constant access to abundant, safe, and the most affordable food supplies in the world, while others see it as obsolete and not applicable to current national economic objectives. Many view the federal budgetary policies as a great burden to tax payers especially since the last update in 2008 calling for an increased spending to $288 billion. Yet most are pleased that the bill has evolved to support systems like bioenergy and conservation as central elements of American agricultural policy and focus.
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“Farm Bills” are written by the House and the Senate Agriculture Committees. Each committee writes their own version of the bill. Then the two sides compare and contrast,
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Farm Bill paper - Sarah Sarosdy Sks739 NTR 332 Due 2/21/11...

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