08web - LINGUISTICS 1, WEB QUIZ #8 1. HUMAN AND ANIMAL...

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1 L INGUISTICS 1, W EB Q UIZ #8 1. HUMAN AND ANIMAL COMMUNICATION #1 2. HUMAN AND ANIMAL COMMUNICATION #2 3. ANIMAL AND HUMAN COMMUNICATION #3 4. THE NATIVE COMMUNICATION SYSTEM OF CHIMPANZEES 5. ANALOG COMMUNICATION 6. VARIATIONS ON A THEME 7. BEE LANGUAGE 8. CHIMPANZEE EXPERIMENTS USING NON-LANGUAGE SYMBOLS 9. SIGNING BY HUMANS AND APES #1 10. SIGNING BY HUMANS AND APES #2 1. HUMAN AND ANIMAL COMMUNICATION #1 In the left hand column are some human linguistic expressions. On the right are some animals, who have their own communicative expressions. See the online version to hear the animal sounds . Some human expressions Some animal expressions Wow! Nuts! Woops! Yum! WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING FEATURES DO THESE HUMAN EXPRESSIONS SHARE WITH THE ANIMAL EXPRESSIONS?
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Linguistics 1, Online Quiz #8 2 a. They are communicative events (in contrast, say, to the sound made in producing a sneeze). b. They are calls that communicate messages to other members of the species. c. They have the feature of arbitrariness. d. They are unitary expressions which cannot be analyzed into smaller meaningful units. e. All the above. 2. HUMAN AND ANIMAL COMMUNICATION #2 In the left hand column are some human linguistic expressions. On the right are some animals, who have their own communicative expressions. See question #1 for nnimal pictures and link to play sounds. Some human expressions Some animal expressions That's very impressive! (Picture and sound of a cow.) I wish that wouldn't have happened! (Picture and sound of a donkey.) That was pretty clutzy! (Picture and sound of a frog.) That tastes good! (Picture and sound of a rooster.) WHAT FEATURES DO THESE HUMAN EXPRESSIONS HAVE THAT THEY DO NOT SHARE WITH THE ANIMAL EXPRESSIONS? a. They would have been acquired through exposure within a particular community of the species. b. They have grammatical structure. c. They have duality of patterning. d. They have the feature of "displacement" in time and/or space from time they are uttered. e. None of these features are shared with the animal expressions.
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Linguistics 1, Online Quiz #8 3 3. ANIMAL AND HUMAN COMMUNICATION #3 We compared the expressions in Columns 1 and 2 with animal vocalizations in questions #1 and #2 respectively. Column 1 Column 2 Message 1 Wow! That's very impressive! Message 2 Nuts! I wish that wouldn't have happened! Message 3 Woop! That was pretty clutzy! Message 4 Yum! That tastes good! The paired messages in Columns 1 and 2 have approximately the same meaning/function. WHAT IS THE MOST SIGNIFICANT FACT THAT THESE PAIRINGS REVEAL ABOUT THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN HUMAN LANGUAGE AND THE ANIMAL SYSTEMS SEEN IN QUESTIONS 1 AND 2? a. Humans can make more vocal sounds than other animal species.
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2011 for the course LING 1 taught by Professor Schuh during the Winter '08 term at UCLA.

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08web - LINGUISTICS 1, WEB QUIZ #8 1. HUMAN AND ANIMAL...

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