Linguistics20Final2006

Linguistics20Final2006 - Linguistics 20 Fall 2006 Hayes et...

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Linguistics 20 Your name ________________________________ Fall 2006 Your TA _________________________________ Hayes et al. Day and time of your section _________________ Final Exam General Instructions 1. Write all your answers on the exam itself. For scratch paper, please use the back of the sheets. 2. On the handout table please pick up the Reference Guide, with phonetic charts, [ xxx now at end of this text ] transformations, island constraints, semantic interpretation rules, and feature charts. 3. Many points are lost from not reading the directions, so please read them with care —they are meant to help, not delude. 4. You have three hours. 1. Phonetic dictation (10 points) Given transcription (phonemes, not allophones, using IPA) of the following English words to be spoken aloud by the prof. Dictation will be given at 8:40. There is a phonetic chart in the reference handout. a. pentagon ________________________ b. texts ________________________ c. fineness ________________________ d. aluminum ________________________ e. thought ________________________ 2. Syntax I Explain why the following sentence is ungrammatical. Your answer should use ideas taught in the course. You do not have to draw trees. *What should time elapse?
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Linguistics 20, Fall 2006 Final Exam p. 2 3. Islands Make up a new sentence that demonstrates that It-Clefting obeys the Wh- Island constraint (see Reference chart for these items) Your sentence should be a new one and not one given in the text or exercises. As part of your demonstration, show (a) deep structure; (b) the creation of the Wh- island through movement; (c) surface structure (you will need at least three trees to do this). Show the application of transformations with labeled arrows and circle and label the Wh- island. Please use the other side of this page if your answer gets that long.
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Linguistics 20, Fall 2006 Final Exam p. 3 4. Semantics: coreference At the end of this exam, in the Reference section, are the three rules given in class for interpreting the possible reference of NP’s. The idea of this question will be to make up a (new) sentence , diagram it, draw relevant arrows and brackets (as in the text), and explain why one NP cannot refer to another. I will first give an example of what is meant here. Here is a sentence illustrating Full Noun Phrase Interpretation: He thinks that John left. S NP VP Pro V S He thinks Comp S that NP VP N V John left John is c-commanded by he (see arrows) and therefore cannot be cofererent with it. Now, the question: do the same thing for (a) Reflexive Interpretation and (b) Regular Pronoun Interpretation.
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Linguistics 20, Fall 2006 Final Exam p. 4 5. Semantics: scope The sentence We assigned 12 students to every class is ambiguous, due to scope. (a) Explain the two meanings clearly in words.
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2011 for the course LING 20 taught by Professor Schutze during the Fall '08 term at UCLA.

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Linguistics20Final2006 - Linguistics 20 Fall 2006 Hayes et...

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