Linguistics20Final2006Answers

Linguistics20Final2006Answers - Linguistics 20 Fall 2006...

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Linguistics 20 Your name ________________________________ Fall 2006 Your TA _________________________________ Hayes et al. Day and time of your section _________________ Final Exam: Answer Key 1. Phonetic dictation (10 points) ( ) means optional part of answer; { } means either one ok. a. pentagon [ ˈ p ɛ nt ə g { ɔ , ɑ ,a} n] b. texts [( ˈ ) t ɛ ksts] c. fineness [ ˈ f ɑ inn ə s] d. aluminum [ əˈ lum{ ɪ , ə }n ə m] e. thought [( ˈ ) θ { ɔ , ɑ ,a}t ] 2. Syntax I Explain why the following sentence is ungrammatical. *What should time elapse? It’s a wh- question, with the wh- phrase what extracted from somewhere inside the clause. But from where? It can’t have come from subject position, because that is filled with time . It can’t have come from object position, because elapse is intransitive (does not subcategorize for an object). So, there’s no deep structure from which the surface structure could have been derived, which correctly predicts its ungrammaticality. 3. Islands Make up a new sentence that demonstrates that It-Clefting obeys the Wh- Island constraint.
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Linguistics 20, Fall 2006 Final Exam p. 2 (a) deep structure and Wh- Movement: (b) the Wh- island as created by movement
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Linguistics 20, Fall 2006 Final Exam p. 3 (c) surface structure 4.
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Linguistics 20, Fall 2006 Final Exam p. 4 4. Semantics: coreference (a) Reflexive Interpretation Here, John fails to c-command himself , and so cannot be coreferent with it. (b) Regular Pronoun Interpretation Here, John c-commands its clausemate him , and therefore cannot be coreferent with him .
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Linguistics 20, Fall 2006 Final Exam p. 5 5. Semantics: scope The sentence We assigned 12 students to every class is ambiguous, due to scope. (a) Explain the two meanings clearly in words. (i) We picked 12 particular students. For each one, we told that student to go to every class. (ii) We went through the list of classes.
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Linguistics20Final2006Answers - Linguistics 20 Fall 2006...

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