Homework #4 - Linguistics 20 Introduction to Linguistics...

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Linguistics 20 Fall 2010 Introduction to Linguistics Hayes/Koller/White Homework #4: Subcategorization, Long Distance Transformations, and the Coordinate Structure Constraint Due in class Monday, Oct. 25 1. Subcategorization State the subcategorization frame for each of the words below, and justify your answer by giving examples. a. jump (as a verb) b. proclaim c. sip (as a noun) d. gift e. announcement Here is a sample answer to give you an idea of what we are looking for. award : [ ___ NP (PP)] They awarded a prize They awarded a prize to the winner. *They awarded. (must take NP) *They award to the winner. (must take NP) *They awarded her that she was a genius. (can’t take S ¯) 2. Long distance transformations Provide a complete derivation (deep structure first, show all movements with arrows) of the following sentences. By this I mean: Show the deep structure. Circle or box the constituents that move during the derivation. Draw arrows showing the path along which constituents move.
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