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HW8_NeutralizationAndRuleOrdering2010[1] - Linguistics 20...

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Linguistics 20 B. Hayes et al. Introduction to Linguistics Fall 2010 Homework #8: Phonology II—Neutralization and Rule Ordering Due in class Monday Mon.11/29. 1. Rule ordering in child phonology In studying the speech of young children, linguists have found that the mispronunciations found in “baby talk” are to some extent predictable by rule from the adult pronunciation. You can write a phonology for each child, at a particular stage, that takes as the basic forms the forms of adult speech and derives from them the pronunciations of the child. Consider the following data taken from the speech of R, a boy aged three years, two months. Word Adult Speech R’s Speech sad [ sæd] [ θ Q d] spider [ s pa  ] [ θ pa  ] horse [ hors] [ hor θ ] Susie [ suzi] [ θ u ði] list [ l st] [ l θ t] zoo [ zu] [ ð u] nose [ no z] [ no ð] dizzy [ d zi] [ d ði] does [ d z] [ d ð] fuzzy [ f zi] [ f ði] a. Describe in words how R’s speech deviates from normal adult speech. Be sure you refer to natural classes, in order to make your description general. b. Write one phonological rule, using features (text p. , that takes as its input the adult form and derives R’s outputs. Give your rule a name. 1 Give a derivation, following the format in the text, p. 364, for the word Susie . You can label the first line “Adult form” instead of “Phonemic form”.
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