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Unformatted text preview: Sheet1 Page 1 Point of View: Unit Three, Lesson One h h Who is telling the story--whose words are we reading? Where does this person stand in relation to what is goingon in the story? (Beaty 73). In this unit we will be examining point of view. The perspective from which thestory is told is a key facet of narrative. e Mediation h Drama and film unfold directly before our eyes. In narrative fiction there is always something (aviewer or speaker or both) between us and theaction: a point of view other tha h Point of view involves the angle of vision (thepoint from which the people, events, and otherdetails are viewed). This view i The words of the story lying between us and thehistory is the voice. T Focus h Focus acts like a camera. It chooses what we can look at, the angle at which we can view it, and how it is framed. The picture shows what framing can change (TV screen vs. movie theater screen, in this case). Details and emphasischange depending upon the frame and focus in text as infilm. m Angles in film h Film can help us tounderstand P.O.V. if we think of the camera eye asour mediator in text. h The top picture is a lowangle shot. The figuresseem to loom above us. They are given an aura ofimportance or power. h The high angle shot seemsto diminish the figure andelevate the viewer. h Point of view can do that in text. i Perspective in film h These two frames from the movie Psycho show different perspectives. Films like Halloween exploit the killer& sperspective to intensifythe horror. h Sheet1 Page 2 Point of view in text can be used to intensify aparticular effect as well. b Perspectives Can Change the Narrative h Rashomon, a film byAkira Kurosawa, usesmultiple perspectives. We see the events unfold from different perspectives, making us question thetruth. h Interpretation is alsoaffected. In a sportingevent, the events remain the same, but each team& sfans interpret themdifferently (great call/badcall t Fixed Focus h Pay close attention to the focus in a story. Does itstay the same throughout or does it move around? h Fixed focus (limited internal focus) is usually called centered or central consciousness. h Most short stories use a central consciousness because the single focus is manageable for thewriter and easy for the reader to identify with. h Central consciousness seems to be a logical choicefor realism because we are used to interacting withthe world in this way h Consequences of Psychological Realism Limited Focus t When the focus is centered, a reader must beaware that the narrator& s vision and version maybe unreliable. The narrator m but the vision may be distorted (by emotion, prejudice, limited experience or thinking). Think about a childvs view of the world, for example....
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