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Habbal 1Mirna Habbal217442898 Professor YooHuma 142026 November 2019 The Effects of Neo-Confucianism and Yangban in Early Choson DynastyKoryo dynasty was a Buddhist-run state that ultimately lost its power as “the Koryo government . . . had completely abandoned the struggle against the Mongols” (Eckert 93), during the Mongol invasion in 1254. Koryo then became a military-run state until the founder ofthe Choson dynasty overtook Koryo. Choson brought many social, political, and economic changes to the state which aided in the drastic transition from Koryo to Choson. The transition from late Koryo to early Choson brought the adoption of Neo-Confucianism and the establishment of the Yanban society; resulting in the loss of many privileges and the status of women within Korean society.After the Mongol invasion, Koryo was in turmoil and the military had seized power over the state. During this time “the economic foundation of the powerful families was destroyed, and this signaled the downfall of the Koyro dynasty itself” (Eckert 101). With no strong leader running the Koryo dynasty, a military commander by the name of Yi Song-gye “grasped the historic moment for the overthrow of Koryo and the establishment of a new dynasty” (Eckert 101). In the end, Yi Song-gye was able to create his dynasty with his own rules because “Yi
Habbal 2Song-gye had taken political, military, and finally economic power into his own hands” (Eckert 101). Yi Song-gye chose to name the dynasty Choson “after the most ancient Korean kingdom, and moved the capital to Hanyang (Seoul), both actions important manifestations of the founding of a new dynasty” (Eckert 102). Buddhism was adopted as the state religion during theKoryo dynasty and there was a certain degree of equality for women in Buddhist practice. “Buddhism was integral to everyday life in Koryo society and was the major creative force shaping its cultural achievements” (Eckert 81). Not only was Buddhism an important religion in

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