differential opportunity

differential opportunity - depending on the available...

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Sherrell Survillion March 30, 2011 Criminology 333-01 Differential Opportunity Theory A theory of delinquency and delinquent subcultures developed by Richard Cloward and Lloyd Ohlin in Delinquency and Opportunity (1960). Cloward and Ohlin made use of Robert K. Merton’s observations that legitimate opportunities to pursue culturally approved goals are socially structured and unevenly distributed especially by class. A differential opportunity is theory which draws from anomie and the work of Merton and Cohen; the social disorganization theory of Shaw and McKay; and the differential association theory of Sutherland. This view says that although one may be denied legitimate opportunity that does not mean that one has access to illegitimate opportunity. Although deprivation and strain can and do play a role, one learns a good or bad response to that strain
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Unformatted text preview: depending on the available opportunities and role models, legitimate or illegitimate. Three groups exist under this perspective: The first is criminal. In criminal groups, juveniles are organized, and the primary goal of the activity is to make money. A lack of legitimate means has been replaced by illegitimate ones, such as theft or extortion. The second group is the conflict group. In this group, there are few legitimate or illegitimate opportunities. These groups are found primarily in poor socially disorganized neighborhoods. As a result, toughness and fighting are the primary goals. The final group is the retreatist. This group cannot fight well, or profit from their crimes. They are the double-losers....
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  • Spring '10
  • Social¬†Disorganization¬†Theory, Differential Association Theory, Robert K. Merton, differential opportunity theory, culturally approved goals

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