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Solutions Additional Multiple Choices 1. “X percent of the observed members of group A have property P. Therefore, X percent of all members of group A probably have property P” is a pattern of reasoning known as. . . a. Analogical induction b. Inference to the best explanation c. Hasty generalization d. Enumerative induction 2. “Thing A has properties P1, P2, P3 plus the property P4. Thing B has properties P1, P2, and P3. Therefore, thing B probably has property P4” is a pattern of reasoning known as. . . a. Analogical induction b. Inference to the best explanation c. Hasty generalization d. Enumerative induction 3. To be accurate reflections of the larger target population, samples in national polling need not be… a. Representative b. Enormous c. Random d. Accurate 4. A necessary condition for the occurrence of an event is one without which the event. .. a. Is guaranteed to occur b. Would be delayed c. Cannot occur d. Would be unknown 5. A sufficient condition for the occurrence of an event is one that. . .

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Unformatted text preview: a. Ensures that the event cannot occur b. Guarantees that the event occurs c. Is negligible d. Might or might not precipitate the event 6. The middle point of a series of values (in which half the values are above the point and half the values are below the point) is known as. . . a. The mean b. The mode c. The margin of error d. The median 7. A sample that is compiled by allowing survey subjects to choose themselves is known as. . . a. A marginal sample b. A self-selecting sample c. A random sample d. An unregulated sample 8. Up to a point, the larger the sample size. . . a. The smaller the margin of error b. The lower the confidence level c. The larger the margin of error d. The lower the median 9. To reason that because two things have some similarities they must be similar in yet another way is to use. . . a. Correlative reasoning b. Enumerative induction c. Analogical induction d. Deductive logic...
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