2011 Winter Quarter Psychology Notes

2011 Winter Quarter Psychology Notes - Psychology Notes-...

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Psychology Notes- Winter 2011 1/3/11 Look at Online Syllabus: 4 exams including final. Extra Credit: Clicker TED Videos Experiments: contact Jessica the coordinator at spcoordinator@ucdavis.edu for issues Prescreening Fill out tonight Book: Introduction to Psychology Lecture 1: Foundations of Psychology THE SCOPE OF PSYCHOLOGY Definition: the scientific investigation of mental processes and behavior -Think, Feel, and Act -ABCs -Affect (feeling) -Behavior (acting) -Cognition (thinking) -Overt behaviors, physiological responses, thoughts, emotions, perceptions, etc. -AND its APPLICATION to practical problems -Application: Therapy: Freud, Dr. Phil Human Factors in Aviation -Primarily interested in understanding individual organisms -Range: molecular-cellular-person-group-society (huge scope look at neurons, hormones, people in groups and imbedding in society) Levels of Analysis Lower level: Physics (matter and energy), Chem (composition, structure, and reactions of matter), Biology (life and living organisms) Middle Level: Who we are Psych seeks to explain individuals from all levels -Context: Biology and Culture -Biology and culture establish both the possibilities and the constraints within which people think, feel, and act -Recent Biological Advancement -Brain chemistry -Neurotransmitter -Genetics -Genomes Evolutionary Theory What is evolution?
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- Variation in traits (hair color, eye color, brain function, personality) Greatly influenced by genes. - Heritability of trait (traits that serve you better are the ones that let you survive and reproduce aka NATURAL SELECTION) - Differential reproductive fitness -Nature= Genes -Nurture= Environmental -Includes biological environment -i.e., uterine environment, stress hormones, your own behavior, culture, etc. -Which is more important? Michael Phelps: which percent of his success is nature and nuture? - Nature: He has the perfect swimmer’s body, lung capacity, flexibility, long trunk, short legs, wingspan - Nuture: Nutrition is important to maintain, and training schedule. Started training at age 7, strong sport focus, elite coaching, works out 35 hours/week, nutrition BOTH Nature and Nurture are important, can’t exist without environment Behavior in groups such as family, community, peers (social psychology) Larger scale influences such as culture, society (sociology, anthropology [where you’re raised, economic status]) POSSIBLITIES AND CONSTRAINTS THE SUBDISCIPLINES IN PSYCHOLOGY -Biological* -Developmental* -Cognititive/perception* -Engineering -Personality* -Clinical -Counseling -Community -Health -Educational -School -Social* -Industrial/Organizational -Quantitative* -Sports -Forensic -Environmental (Refer to text for description *=what Davis has) Activities and Work Settings for Psychologist -27.5% colleges, universities, and professional schools
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-22.8% mental health facilities -31.8% private practices HISTORICAL BACKGROUND Psychology as a discipline is NEW, ONE CENTURY Of PSYCH because it’s now really popular The term psychology comes from 2 Greek words: psyche= soul and logos=study
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2011 Winter Quarter Psychology Notes - Psychology Notes-...

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