Exam Gideon v. Wainwright.pdf - Gideon v Wainwright...

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°ideon v. <<>AACinwriVght
±AACJJLckVground 7XRho wQKrQK tXRhQK pDrtYSiQKs YSic]nvoa[lvQKOI? 557he two pAACrties involved were ²lAACrenJJLce ³AACrl °ideon (deUfendAACnt) AACnd <<>AACinwriVght. 7XRhy OIYSiOI tXRhQK MGDsQK MGob\mQK LQKVPforQK tXRhQK a[lowQKr MGourts? ²lAACrenJJLce ³AACrl °ideon wAACs AACrrested Ufor AAC IIKburVglAACry AACt ±AACy ´AACrIIKbor 002ool 335oom in 002AACnAACmAAC ²ity, µ!%%. ´e wAACs not AACIIKble to AACUfUford AAC lAACwyer, AACnd his request Ufor AACn AACttorney wAACs denied. ´e lost the triAACl AACnd wAACs sentenJJLced to 5 yeAACrs in stAACte prison. ¶t the time, deUfendAACnts who JJLcouldn’t AACUfUford lAACwyers were only Vgiven lAACwyers in AAC deAACth penAAClty JJLcAACse.
±AACJJLckVground (JJLcontinued) 7XRhDt OIYSiOI tXRhQK two pDrtYSiQKs YSic]nvoa[lvQKOI wDc]nt Ds D rQKsua[lt oVPf tXRhYSis MGDsQK? °ideon wAACnted his 446ixth ¶mendment riVght oUf entitlement to AAC lAACwyer. <<>AACinwriVght AACrVgued thAACt it is possiIIKble Ufor AAC deUfendAACnt to hAACve AAC UfAACir triAACl without AAC lAACwyer AACnd thAACt the JJLcAACse ±etts v. ±rAACdy hAACd deJJLcided thAACt the deUfendAACnt is only entitled to AAC lAACwyer when they JJLcAACn prove thAACt there AACre speJJLciAACl JJLcirJJLcumstAACnJJLces in their JJLcAACse where they would not hAACve AAC UfAACir triAACl without AAC lAACwyer.
²ourt’s ·eJJLcision 7XRhDt OIYSiOI tXRhQK MGourt ua[ltYSib\mDtQKa[ly OIQKMGYSiOIQK? 7XRhDt wDs tXRhQK b\mDjorYSity opYSic]nYSioc]n? 7XRhDt wDs tXRhQK b\mYSic]norYSity opYSic]nYSioc]n (YSiVPf tXRhQKrQK wDs oc]nQK)? 7QKrQK tXRhQKrQK Dc]ny MGoc]nMGurrQKc]nt opYSic]nYSioc]ns - wXRhDt wQKrQK tXRhQKy? 557he JJLcourt ultimAACtely deJJLcided in UfAACvor oUf °ideon IIKbeJJLcAACuse oUf the 446ixth ¶mendment riVght to AACssistAACnJJLce oUf JJLcounsel. 557he JJLcourt sAACid it wAACs AAC UfundAACmentAACl riVght essentiAACl to AAC UfAACir triAACl. 557he rulinVg wAACs unAACnimous in UfAACvor oUf °ideon, with JJLconJJLcurrinVg opinions Ufrom ¸ustiJJLce ´AACrlAACn AACnd ¸ustiJJLce ²lAACrk.
²ourt’s ·eJJLcision - ²onJJLcurrinVg ))+pinions ¸ustiJJLce ²lAACrk ¸ustiJJLce ²lAACrk’s JJLconJJLcurrinVg opinion wAACs thAACt the riVght to AAC JJLcounsel wAACs pAACrt oUf due proJJLcess AACs the ²onstitution does not mAACke AAC distinJJLction IIKbetween JJLcAACpitAACl AACnd

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