WK7_SOC2460_SP11

WK7_SOC2460_SP11 - SOC 2460 Drugs and Society Spring 2011...

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Unformatted text preview: SOC 2460: Drugs and Society Spring, 2011 Mondays and Wednesdays 2:30-3:20, 253 Malott Hall Discussion Sections on Fridays (1) 2:30PM-3:20PM MCG 125 (2) 2:30PM-3:20PM MRL 111 (3) 1:25PM-2:15PM MRL 111 (4) 10:10AM-11:00AM MCG 125 Instructor: Douglas Heckathorn, Professor of Sociology 344 Uris Hall 255 4368 255-4368 E-mail: [email protected] Office Hours: Fridays 1:30 to 3:30 or by appointment Teaching Assistants Teaching Assistants: Patrick Park Kyle Albert Race, Class, and Drugs • D i f f e r e n t i a l s i n s e n t e n c i n g • 1 9 8 6 a n d ’ 8 7 C o n g r e s s a d o p t e d m a n d a t o r y s e n t e n c i n g f o r c r a c k possession and sale • I d e a w a s t h a t c r a c k w a s 5 t i m e s m o r e a d d i c t i n g t h a n c o c a i n e • C o n g r e s s d o u b l e d i t a n d a n i n t r o d u c e d a 1 : 1 r a t i o f o r s e n t e n c i n g • E . g . , m a n d a t o r y 5 y e a r s f o r 5 g r a m s o f c o c a i n e w a s e x t e n d e d t o 5 grams of crack • T h i s e v e n a p p l i e d t o f i r s t o f f e n d e r s w i t h n o p r i o r c r i m i n a l r e c o r d • I n c o n t r a s t , s o m e o n e w i t h 5 g r a m s o f p o w d e r e d c o c a i n e u s u a l l y r e c e i v e s probation • Crack-related laws are major contributors to racial differentials in Crack related laws are major contributors to racial differentials in sentencing • O v e r a l l p r o b a b i l i t y o f s p e n d i n g t i m e i n p r i s o n ( w h i c h r e q u i r e s a f e l o n y conviction) is 29% for black males • 29% for black males • 1 6 % f o r H i s p a n i c m a l e s • 4 % f o r w h i t e m a l e s • ( 9 4 % o f p e r s o n s i n p r i s o n a r e m a l e , b u t female rates are increasing, due to mandatory sentences) 2 Race, Class, and Drugs 100:1 ratio has been challenged but was upheld on the grounds that • 100:1 ratio has been challenged, but was upheld on the grounds that discrimination was not the intent of congress • Law was finally changed by Obama’s August 2010 Fairness in Sentencing Act , which: • g r e a t ly reduced the crack/powdered cocaine differential, and...
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This note was uploaded on 04/03/2011 for the course SOC 2460 taught by Professor Heckathorn during the Spring '07 term at Cornell.

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WK7_SOC2460_SP11 - SOC 2460 Drugs and Society Spring 2011...

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