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GlobalCitiesReadingsStudyGuide

GlobalCitiesReadingsStudyGuide - Global Cities Readings...

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Global Cities Readings Study Guide Cindy Yu: Mumford, Lewis. “What is a City?” Main point: The human interactions and community values that a city creates are more important than how the city is physically structured and the economic functions it carries. The physical organization, industries and markets, and traffic should be built based on the social needs. Cities should be de-centralized and have limited population. Polynucleated city. “The city, [Mumford] writes, is ‘a theater of social action,’ and everything else – art, politics, education, commerce – only to serves to make the ‘social drama… more richly significant, as a stage-set, well-designed, intensifies and underlines the gestures of the actors and the action of the play” (Editor). “The essential physical means of a city’s existence are the fixed sites, the durable shelter, the permanent facilities for assembly, interchange, and storage; the essential social means are the social division of labor, which serves not merely the economic life but the cultural processes. The city in its complete sense, then, is a geographic plexus, an economic organization, an institutional process, a theater of social action, and an aesthetic symbol of collective unity.” “Social facts are primary, and the physical organization of a city, its industries and its markets, its lines of communication and traffic, must be subservient to its social needs.” “Limitations on size, density, and area are absolutely necessary to effective social intercourse; and they are therefore the most important instruments of rational economic and civic planning.” “Instead of trusting to the mere massing of population to produce the necessary social concentration and social drama, we must now seek these results through deliberate local nucleation and a finer regional articulation.” Christian Higgins: Harvey, David. “Contested Cities: Social Process and Spatial Form.” Cities must be designed to be both flexible and adjustable to better their relationship between process and “thing”. Cities are cared less about now as the bourgeoisie and know there is little chance of a social revolution by the poor anymore. Community must be created as part of a process, not to be an “end” as that causes isolation. Cities are often never mentioned as environments but they are in fact ecological processes in the way they are built, and we must link the two ideas together in a stronger way. Shanika Hettige: Gernet, Jacques. “Daily Life in China on the Eve of the Mongol
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Invasion 1250- 1276.” Title: DAILY LIFE IN CHINA ON THE EVE OF THE MONGOL INVASION Author: JACQUES GERNET Topic: MAKING THE (THIRD WORLD) CITY – THE COLONIAL CITY City/Country: 13 TH CENTURY HANGCHOW, CHINA Hangchow was a very important political capital/trade center. The premiere city of the world; eventually fell to the Mongols Very crowded and dense; population was greater than 1 million within 7-8mi sq (including suburbs) Walled, paved city - cleaned by authorities
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