Outline Ch.2

Outline Ch.2 - Giorgi Khergiani Wednesday 15:40 Outline...

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Giorgi Khergiani Wednesday, 15:40 Outline Trait Approach Description The trait approach was one of the first systematic attempts to study leadership. In the early 20 th century, leadership traits were studied to determine what made certain people great leaders. Like the trait approach, the skills approach takes a leader-centered perspective on leadership. The skills approach suggests that knowledge and abilities are needed for effective leadership. In the mid-20 th century, the trait approach was challenged by research that questioned the universality of leadership traits. In a major review in 1948, Stogdill suggested that no consistent set of traits differentiated leaders from nonleaders across a variety of situations. An individual with leadership traits who was a leader in one situation might not be a leader in another situation. Some of the researches who made questionnaires about the universality of leadership traits were: Stogdill Mann Lord, DeVader, Alliger Kirkpatrick and Locke In his first study, Stogdill identified the following characteristics: Intelligence Alertness Insight Responsibility
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Initiative Persistence Self-confidence Sociability In his second study Stogdill identified the following traits: Achievement Persistence
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Outline Ch.2 - Giorgi Khergiani Wednesday 15:40 Outline...

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