Final - Tumultuous, exciting, and reinventing best describe...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Tumultuous, exciting, and reinventing best describe five decades of political, social and technological changes in the history of the United States. The 1950s brought culture revolution, military conflicts, quick technology growth, and new and dangerous diseases. America was in the spotlight with economic and political dynamics while winning wars and setting an example. America was growing and struggling both economically and socially but was still expected to support other countries. The 1950s saw unsettling trends occur: the Cold War, the decolonization of Africa unbalancing political and economic situations, the United States was thrust into another global conflict with the Korean War. Apprehensions ignited in Egypt and Cuba. The times were chaotic with anti-communist mind-sets. The introduction of Civil Rights began long before 1950 but gained momentum as individuals and groups came together during adversity. World War II had blacks and whites serving side-by-side. Men, women, religious leaders and college students of all color stood together against race. For the first, time middle-class Americans saw the Civil Rights Movement being played out in their own living rooms with civil protests, legal challenges and other initiatives. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. was a principal promoter of nonviolent change, rational conversations, and if enough people openly disobeyed, and peacefully protested unfair actions and laws would fail (Morris, 1986, 30-44, 58-59). The combination of agriculture becoming more mechanical, the search of higher paying jobs and a democratic system found African Americans leaving the South. Additionally interesting to mention was that most American supported equal rights for African Americans. However, those views changed when African American moved into their neighborhoods. In the landmark decision of Oliver Brown et al v. Board of Education of Topeka the United States Supreme Court declared that public schools can not segregate black and white students. The court said that denying anyone a right to an education as guaranteed by the 14 th amendment, as many institutions in the South were doing, was illegal (brown v board.org). This decision seemed to be a victory when the Little Rock School system was ordered to desegregate in 1957. However, instead of desegregating the schools Senator Harry Byrd, Sr. organized a resistance movement that closed schools. To exasperate the point, Arkansas Governor Orval Faubus brought in the National Guard in an attemflypt to prevent any black student from entering Little Rock High School. In an attempt to reclaim control President Dwight Eisenhower deployed the 101 st Airborne from Kentucky to federalize the National Guard. Civil Rights stressed the idea that legal rights were possible for all races. While the battles won and lost in the 1950 were important more important was the planning done as the country prepared for the next decade (Jackson 2006, inclusive).
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 5

Final - Tumultuous, exciting, and reinventing best describe...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online