Unformatted text preview: gment strings of speech sounds into meaningful units of lang. meaningful Phonemes: basic units of sound (/t/) Morphemes: basic units of meaning Words are composed of one or more Words morphemes E.g., the word horses E.g., horses Semantic Development Semantic
Process of learning the meanings of Process words & word combinations words Challenge for children is in figuring out Challenge how the sounds they hear are meant to refer to something in their experience--refer an object, event, or feeling Earliest Vocabulary Earliest By 13-14 mos. of age, able to use approx. By 10 words 10 By 17-18 mos., approx. 50 words By 2 years, approx. 300 words Receptive vocab. (vocab. they understand) (vocab. is even larger: for every 10 words produced, can understand over 100 produced, 1st 100 words in vocab. are predominantly nouns used to label objects nouns Word Errors Word Underextension: applying labels in a narrower way than adults do narrower
E.g., using the word “bottle” to label only their E.g., bottle but not others bottle Overextension: error of applying verbal errors too broadly errors
E.g., Calling a strange man “Daddy”; seeing E.g., the ocean & saying “bath” the Figurative Language Figurative Metaphors: use of a word or phrase in a use way that draws a direct comparison between the t...
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