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Lecture_120610 - PSY 350 PSY Child Psychology Ch 14...

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Unformatted text preview: PSY 350 PSY Child Psychology Ch. 14 Physical & Cognitive Ch. Development in Adolescence Development 12/6/10 Outline Outline Ch. 14 Physical & Cognitive Ch. Development in Adolescence (cont.) Development Emergence of Sexual Behavior Teen Pregnancy Emergence of Sexual Behavior Emergence Adolescents learn about sex from a Adolescents variety of sources including: variety Parents Peers Media Educational programs created by schools Educational & public health institutions public Variability in the nature of information taught & the manner in which it is manner transmitted transmitted Studies of how US mothers communicate Studies with their adolescents about sexuality & AIDS find that: AIDS Adolescents whose mothers dominated Adolescents dominated conversations with them about AIDS were less knowledgeable 2 years later less than were adolescents whose mothers had been more interactive in their interactive conversations conversations Ethnic differences in family Ethnic communication patterns about sexual matters: matters: Research shows that Hispanic mothers Research Hispanic more likely to dominate the conversation than were European American mothers, European who were more likely to demonstrate responsiveness to comments & questions responsiveness Consistent with cultural expectations that Consistent children will be respectful & obedient toward their parents toward Cultural differences among Cultural technologically advanced societies in the way sexuality is taught: the Study of more than 30 Western & Eastern Study European countries European Countries with low levels of teen Countries pregnancy, childbearing, & STI’s are those pregnancy, who combine societal acceptance of sexual activity among young people, with comprehensive information about sexuality, pregnancy, and prevention of STI’s STI’s Also emphasize teenage relationships & Also responsibility responsibility Teenage Pregnancy Teenage US has the highest teen pregnancy rate US among developed countries (7.5%) among US teens are no more sexually active US no than teens in other countries than Instead, they use contraception far less Instead, than adolescents in other developed countries countries 20% of US teens reported not using 20% not contraceptives, compared to 12% of French teens, 7% of Swedish teens, & 4% of teens in Great Britain of Risk factors that increase probability of teen pregnancy: teen Low socioeconomic status Living in a disorganized or dangerous Living neighborhood neighborhood Having a mother who was also pregnant as Having a teen teen Age difference between sexual partners More than 1 in 4 babies born to 15- to More 17- year-old mothers were fathered by men at least 5 years older than the years mothers mothers Pregnancy rates for African American & Hispanic teens are 2-3x higher than that of white teens that Biological risk factors include early Biological pubertal development pubertal Women who give birth while in their teens more likely to Drop out of school Divorce Continue to have children out of marriage Change jobs more frequently Be on welfare Have health problems Have low birth weight babies ...
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