ch22aeneas

ch22aeneas - Classics 10: Chapter 22: Spring 2010 Legends...

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Classics 10: Chapter 22: Spring 2010 Legends of Aeneas I. Rome, the Roman Empire, and Greek Myth II. Roman Gods and Roman Religion III. The Aeneid of Virgil Gian Lorenzo Bernini, 1619, Aeneas, Anchises, and Ascanius LAST CLASS = THIS WEDNESDAY FINAL EXAM = MONDAY, JUNE 7, 6-8PM
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I. Rome and the Roman Empire Earliest Rome known only through legend and myth Aeneas founds the Roman race after escaping Troy (ca. 1200 BCE?) [our best account = Virgil’s Aeneid ] Romulus founds the city of Rome in 753 BCE, becomes its first king [our best account = Livy’s history] Romulus is a descendant of Aeneas, thus linking him to Rome Rome’s seventh king, Tarquin the Proud, is expelled in 509 BCE [Livy again] Rome becomes a Republic ( res publica , “public thing”), becomes greatest power in the Mediterranean World Earliest written historical records about Rome come from ca. 250 BCE, 500 years after Rome is said to be founded
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Rome and the Roman Empire The Roman Republic ends when Julius Caesar makes himself a dictator and his heir Caesar Augustus makes himself emperor (49-23 BCE= transitional period) Augustus was sole ruler in all but name, for he said he restored the Republic under himself as “the first citizen” ( princeps ) Our most important sources for early Rome (Virgil, Livy) come from this transition period when Augustus solidified power Rome’s emperors rule the Roman empire very prosperously for 200 years after Augustus, and the Roman Empire in the Western Mediterranean survives until 476 CE Over 1200 years after Romulus is said to have founded the city! The city itself protected for 800 years (390 BCE to 410 CE)
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Rome: A Timeline BCE = “Before the Common Era”; CE = “Common Era” 753 BCE: Rome founded 753-509 BCE: Monarchical Period 509-31: Republican Period [49-23 = Transitional] 31 BCE-180 CE: Height of Imperial Period 0 = birth of Jesus Christ, grounding of Western chronological system [at least 4 years off?] 180-476 CE: Decline and Fall of the Empire (in the West; the Eastern capital in Constantinople survives until 1453, when it becomes Istanbul)
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Rome and the Roman Empire Rome a small Italian power for its first centuries Sacked by wandering army of Celts/Gauls in 390 (or 387?) Responded by devising an aggressive campaign to defend itself and ended up conquering the entire Mediterrean World Best defense is a good offense! Rome’s wars always presented as provoked by their enemies, yet each war pushed the frontier up against the next enemy and provoked another war
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Classical Greece in the Fifth Century BCE 490-479: Greeks defeat massive Persian invasion; Leonidas at Thermopylae (480) 431-404: Great War between Athens and Sparta; Pericles and greatest naval battles ever In Athens: Herodotus, Thucydides, Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides, and Socrates could all have walked down the same road together Acropolis and Parthenon built in Athens; Temple of
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ch22aeneas - Classics 10: Chapter 22: Spring 2010 Legends...

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