DQ's2 - 1 What are Geert Hofstede's dimensions of national...

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1. What are Geert Hofstede's dimensions of national culture and GLOBE patterns of cultural differences? Using any one of Hofstede’s or the GLOBE dimensions, provide a practical example that demonstrates cultural relativism and cultural universalism? Hofstede’s Dimensions At IBM, Hofstede's job involved research and analysis on how culture affects the work place. He had access to a large database of employees from over 70 countries. He started off by examining the 40 largest countries and uncovered four dimensions that separate cultures. Later, the scope expanded to 50 countries and three regions. In 2001, he combined data from other researchers to expand the reach to a full 74 countries. Initially, he uncovered four dimensions: Power Distance Index (PDI), Individualism (IDV), Masculinity (MAS), and Uncertainty Avoidance Index (UAI). Recently, he added a fifth dimension, Long-Term Orientation (LTO). Since the inception of Hofstede's Cultural Dimensions, other cross-cultural studies have verified his results. These studies include a group of commercial airline pilots and students in 23 countries, a set of civil service managers in 14 countries, and two sets of premium consumer studies in 15 and 19 countries. Globe
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DQ's2 - 1 What are Geert Hofstede's dimensions of national...

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