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7.1 Chapter 13 Solutions (1 per page)

7.1 Chapter 13 Solutions (1 per page) - Chapter 13...

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Chapter 13: Solutions and their Physical Chapter 13: Solutions and their Physical Properties
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Objectives Calculate concentration using different units. Study thermodynamics of solution and solubilities of liquids, solids and gases in liquid solvents. Understand the process of distillation: Raoult’s Law, azeotropes. Calculate colligative properties of electrolyte and non-electrolyte solutions: freezing point, boiling point, osmotic pressure.
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Solution: A homogeneous mixture of two or more substances.
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13-1 Types of Solutions gaseous Air: N 2 ,O 2 , Ar, CO 2 , Ne, CH 4 , He, Kr H Xe Kr, H 2, li id liquid Seawater: H 2 O, Cl - , Na + , SO 4 2 , Mg 2+ Ca 2+ K + HCO - Br - Sr 2+ Fl - , Ca , K , HCO 3 , Br , Sr , Fl solid red brass: Cu, Zn, Pb, Sn, Fe, Cd
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13-2 Solution Concentration Different measures of how much solute is dissolved in how much solvent. small amount of solute: dilute large amount of solute: concentrated
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