10.3 Organic Chemisry - Nomenclature

10.3 Organic Chemisry - Nomenclature - HYDROCARBONS CxHy...

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1 NOMENCLATURE Chapter 26.1 Part of Chapter 26.2 2 HYDROCARBONS C x H y ALIPHATICS AROMATICS Alk ynes Benzene and derivatives Cyclo alkanes Alk enes Cyclo alkenes Alk anes 3 CH 4 Methane C 2 H 6 Ethane C 3 H 8 Propane… ALKANES C n H 2n+2 4 CH 4 Methane C 2 H 6 Ethane C 3 H 8 Propane C 4 H 10 Butane ALKANES 5 BUTANE 6 ISOBUTANE
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7 CH 4 Methane C 2 H 6 Ethane C 3 H 8 Propane C 4 H 10 Butane C 5 H 12 Pentane C 6 H 14 Hexane C 7 H 16 Heptane C 8 H 18 Octane ALKANES 8 # CARBONS 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 20 NAME METHANE ETHANE PROPANE BUTANE PENTANE HEXANE HEPTANE OCTANE EICOSANE # ISOMERS 1 1 1 2 3 5 9 18 366,319 9 CH 4 Methane C 2 H 6 Ethane C 3 H 8 Propane C 4 H 10 Butane C 5 H 12 Pentane C 6 H 14 Hexane C 7 H 16 Heptane C 8 H 18 Octane ALKANES 10 5-10 GASOLINE 12-18 KEROSENE 16+ LUBRICATING 20-50 ROOFING 11 C 2 H 4 Ethene C 3 H 6 Propene C 4 H 8 Butene C 9 H 18 Nonene… ALKENES C n H 2n (If only one double bond) 12 C 2 H 2 Ethyne (Acetylene) C 3 H 4 Propyne C 4 H 6 Butyne C 9 H 16 Nonyne… ALKYNES C n H 2n-2 (If only one triple bond)
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13 IUPAC SYSTEM OF NAMING COMPOUNDS 1. Select the longest continuous chain of carbon atoms for the basic name.
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This note was uploaded on 04/04/2011 for the course SCIENCE CHEM 120 taught by Professor Fenster during the Winter '11 term at McGill.

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10.3 Organic Chemisry - Nomenclature - HYDROCARBONS CxHy...

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