Ch 1 Notes

Ch 1 Notes - o Have no idea which group they are in(exp or...

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Module 1.1 The Science of Psychology Psychology- scientific study of behavior and mental processes o Overt= can see/observe. Emotions, feelings, etc Mental process- cannon measure, makes us interesting o Affect= emotion o Behavior= how you act o Cognition= how you believe Module 1.3 History and Perspectives Only about 120 years old, around for centuries Module 1.5 Experimental Methods Scientific method- series of steps To say something causes something else, you HAVE to experiment o Have control over what you are studying o Independent variable (IV)= control, manipulate, vary o Experimental group (doing something you’re manipulating) o Control group (non-smokers) o Extraneous variables= extra info Placebo- maintains single-blind/masked exp.
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Unformatted text preview: o Have no idea which group they are in (exp or control) o Depression could be subjective Researchers don’t know who is in what group We see what we want to see/self-fulfilling prophesy Module 1.6 Non-experimental Research • Experiments may not be ethical, therefore manipulation cannot happen (syphilis experiment) • Watch, see, observe but do not manipulate o Freshmen at the Memorial Union • Positive correlation- related in the same direction, move together • Negative correlation- inverse relationship, opposite directions o No reason to assume a causal relationship- no experiment • Strong relationship= can make predictions...
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This note was uploaded on 04/05/2011 for the course PSY 101 taught by Professor Short during the Fall '11 term at ASU.

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Ch 1 Notes - o Have no idea which group they are in(exp or...

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