Final Review 1378 - Final Review Terms Brown v Board of...

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Final Review Terms Brown v. Board of Education (1954)- U.S. Supreme Court decision that struck down racial segregation in public education and declared “separate but equal” unconstitutional. Oliver Brown brought the situation to Supreme Court because his 3 rd grade daughter had to cross railroad tracks everyday to get to school when there was a school close by. Thurgood Marshal won the case by arguing that segregation damages black children’s self esteem. By 1960 a handful of black children were in all white schools. Montgomery Bus Boycott (1955-6) - The beginning of a mass phase civil rights movement in the south that was sparked by Rosa Parks arrest on December 1, 1955 for refusing to surrender her seat to a white passenger; led to a successful year long boycott protesting segregation on city buses. And led to the emergence of Reverend Martin Luther King Jr. Martin Luther King, Jr.- minister of a Baptist Church, leader of the African American civil rights movement; He led the Montgomery Bus Boycott, founded Southern Christian Leadership Conference and led the March on Washington where he gave the “I have a dream speech” of 1963. He has received a Nobel Peace prize for his work to end racial segregation and discrimination. He was assassinated on April 4, 1968 and has a national holiday. Southern Christian Leadership Conference (f. 1957) - Civil Rights organization founded by Martin Luther King Jr. and other civil rights leaders. Coordinated civil rights activities in the south. Student Non-violent Coordinating Committee (f. 1960)- Ella Baker called for a meeting, 200 black students arrived; led many campaigns of nonviolent protests against racial discrimination. They were young sit in activists and more confrontational. Fannie Lou Hamer- played major roles in civil rights organizations. She was an American civil rights activist.
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Malcolm X- he insisted that blacks control the political and economic resources of their communities and rely on own efforts rather working with the whites. He committed many crimes as a youth and was in prison where he converted to the teachings of Nation of Islam. He preached the message of white evil and black self discipline. Stokely Carmichael, "Black Power" (1966)- Black power is the post 1966 rallying cry of a more militant civil rights movement in Alabama. It was a slogan that got national attention in 1966 because Carmichael used it in a civil rights march in Mississippi. It became a rallying cry for those bitter over federal government to stop violence against civil rights workers. Black power is also another word for black freedom ; it also had belief for more elections of black officials Civil Rights Act of 1964 - After Kennedy’s assassination Johnson passed the Civil Rights Act that outlawed discrimination in public accommodations like hotels, restaurants and employment; it also banned discrimination on grounds of sex. Voting Rights Act of 1965
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Final Review 1378 - Final Review Terms Brown v Board of...

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