Chapter 8 Remembering

Chapter 8 Remembering - Chapter 8 Remembering Remembering...

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Chapter 8 Remembering Remembering Memory processes Sensory store: retains information for a very brief interval of time Rehearsal: allows information to be retrieved from long-term memory and helps determine if it will enter long-term memory Retrieval: information is retrieved from long-term memory and requires some trace of the event and a retrieval cue. Application of stored knowledge Episodic-time related Semantic: language-related Procedural: physical activity Methods for measuring amount of learning that has occurred: Relearning, recognition, recall Processes of learning and remembering Inputting information-affected by certain attributes of the learner. Level of motivation, level of attention, and level of intelligence Affected by attributes of material to be learned: Meaningfulness of material include the association value of the words being learned; imagery value of materials; relative frequency of usage of terms being mastered Task variables (complexity n organization of material n the manner in which the material can be structured) Storing information Retrieving information-based on using a correct cue to locate a memory; forgetting is more likely to be a result of proactive or retroactive interference, or lack of a consolidation period Procedures impacting learning
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How ones time is spent What activities are used while learning How accurate the knowledge of results that can be gained Use of mnemonics in recall Memory Theory of human associative memory-propounds that there are three types of memory representing different intervals of storage bw input and use Time-of-storage theory Very short-term sensory store Short term memory (up to 2min.) Long-term memory involving up to permanent storage Other proposed model of theory posits there are 3 types of memory stored in terms of how the information is used Episodic memory: stores time relevant information Semantic memory: stores word meanings and language rules Procedural memory: retention of mechanical and repetitive acts *people who study human learning n those who study memory may differ only in the processes they use n the events they study The speed of learning does not have an impact on the amount remembered. The speed of learning does not have an impact on the amount remembered. Whether your are a fast learner or a slow learner, if you can learn an equal amount of material, your retention will be equal A fast learner has more time than a slow learner to devote to the same material, so rapid learners could over learn material n demonstrate better learning only bc they have had more time to dedicate to material Sensory store Sensory store is a type of memory in which information is stored, very briefly when first received Information is forgotten if it is not attended to within the first seconds or so
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Nothing that a person can do will prevent this loss of unused information
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Chapter 8 Remembering - Chapter 8 Remembering Remembering...

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