Chapter 15 Personality Therapies

Chapter 15 Personality Therapies - Chapter 15 Personality...

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Chapter 15 Personality: Therapies Personality: Therapies Causes of abnormal behavior: Inherited or biological factors Psychological or learned factors Cultural factors Models explaining abnormal behavior Medical and psychological model A psychotherapist chooses therapy based mainly on which theory of personality he or she endorses Major forms of psychotherapy Physical therapies: may involve use of shock, drugs or surgery Talking therapies: psychoanalysis or person-centered therapies Social learning and behavioral therapies: systematic desensitization, implosive therapy, operant therapies, and cognitive therapies All psychotherapies share in common the assumption that behavior can be changed and that the therapist and patient/client are interested in a common problem Evaluating the success of psychotherapy is difficult because of the problems of defining the basis for evaluation, the differences among various theories, and the difficulty of finding impartial judges of success Causes of abnormal behavior Abnormal behavior has many different causes. The cause of your behavior identified by your therapist will depend on the theory of personality he/she endorses. This of course will also affect the form of therapy used for treatment Three sets of factors that influence our likelihood of showing abnormal behavior Inherited or biological factors Genetic messages inherited from your parents cause differences in our biochemistry which can impact our behavior Psychological or environmental factors Development events Family pressures and events Conflict and stresses Cultural factors Less personal, less controllable, less immediate, and generally more permanent aspects of our environment Models for change Models of human behavior and the impact on the treatment of abnormal behavior: (theories of personality anchored in one or the other) Medical model
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If a symptom shows us, then there is an internal cause of that symptom. Appropriate therapy=find the internal cause, fix it, and the symptom will go away bc the cause has gone away Abnormal behavior is viewed as an illness People w problems are patients Psychological model Assumes that we learn to behave abnormally No internal cause; behavior itself is the abnormality to be treated therapy: change the behavior to solve the problem; treat the symptom People w problems are clients How does theory affect therapy? Whether a therapist endorse the psychological or medical causes of mental disorders will determine how he or she will perform psychotherapy Which theory of personality is endorsed will also affect the choice of psychotherapy Different abnormalities are best treated in different ways; some therapies are best w milder or anxiety-based disorders while other therapies are more effective in handling more severe forms of mental disorder The pressures of expense aided the development of forms of therapy that could treat
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This note was uploaded on 04/04/2011 for the course PSYC 1300 taught by Professor Bush during the Fall '09 term at University of Houston.

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Chapter 15 Personality Therapies - Chapter 15 Personality...

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