Chapter 16 social behavior of groups

Chapter 16 social behavior of groups - Chapter 16 social...

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Chapter 16 social behavior of groups Social behavior of groups Social psychologists study the effects of groups on the behavior of individuals Sociologists study group behavior, where the group itself is the unit of analysis Three elements are important in defining a group Two or more people interacting (communicating) so as to influence each other Common goal Sense of common identity Organization of groups Groups may be organized competitively or cooperatively, and they may exist to serve social or task functions Group behavior is often governed by norms, patterns of behavior that are expected simply bc so many people do them Groups also define roles, a pattern of behavior expected bc of position wi a group Status involves the power of individuals relative to their position in a group Social class involves status difference among members of society Groups effectiveness determined by Person selected as leader and his or her leadership style is one of the most important element in determining a groups effectiveness Good communication: clarity of communication in the group is affected by Group size, distance from source of message, feedback, status of messages source Group impact on behavior Group action is more extreme than the inclinations of its individual members (phenomenon called risky or stingy shift) Group presence tends to increase the performance of individual members Pressures toward conformity are found among group members bc of deindividuation and group cohesiveness
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Formation of groups Humans tend to form groups bc of both inherited urges and group related benefits Groupthink may occur if a group creates itself illusions of invulnerability and unanimity. A group becomes a mob only if each individual member can be convinced to join the groups actions Group mind does not exist The group Major differences bw social psychologists and sociologists Unit of analysis Psychologist Individual human Sociologist Group Research technique used Psychologist May use naturalistic observation, but use active experimental manipulation Sociologist Naturalistic observation What is a group? Three key elements identifying a group Its members must be doing things together-interacting w each other in some common way (communication) Members of group must share a common identity Members must share certain common desires as to it purpose Purposes groups are formed: Task oriented groups formed to accomplish a job
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Serve a social function formed to provide members w good time *both task and social functions can be served by the same group All group members are influenced by the group leaders and his or her leadership style How are groups organized? Two important factors in describing group structure
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This note was uploaded on 04/04/2011 for the course PSYC 1300 taught by Professor Bush during the Fall '09 term at University of Houston.

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Chapter 16 social behavior of groups - Chapter 16 social...

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