Chapter 17 you and groups

Chapter 17 you and groups - Chapter 17 you and groups You...

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Chapter 17 you and groups You and groups Your socialization and personal development begins wi the family where you initially practice your social skills before using them among your friends Forming and ending friendships Revealing your true self is important in forming any friendship, as are sacrifices made wo thought of personal gain Friendships last as long as each friend gains from the relationships, but they are often ended by distance and changing values Important factors in friendships and attractions Likeability and agreement are major determinants of friendships and attraction Similarities in race, religion, amount of education, and interests are important in predicting success in romantic love and marriage Elements of attitudes Cognitive (value); affective (emotional); action (behavioral) Attitudes are formed from our personal experience and are usually influenced by our family, friends and social influences (especially through television) Prejudice is an attitude developed wo reference to facts, often involving stereotypes; discrimination may result Changing attitudes Persuasion: an attempt to change someone’s attitude Source of persuasion, the message, channel, aspects of recipient can all influence success in changing an attitude Attitude change can result from cognitive dissonance Sources of aggression Frustration Being attacked by others Seeing others attack
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Controlling aggression Modeling can control aggression Understanding the basis for someone else’s attack Catharsis Offering to help someone requires that you notice the situation, interpret it as emergency, assume responsibility for acting, identify how to give aid, act Help is often when costs are low, person is similar to us, need for help is obvious and we’ve just seen others give help Your socialization and personal development Socialization is the nonstop process of developing social skills Experience is constantly enlarged as we move from childhood through adolescence and we prepare to move from currently existing roles into new ones involving more responsibilities and increases social contacts Personal development leads to the development of poise and confidence Most of the theories of development and personality assume that you will gain skills and abilities as you age. Maturity comes slowly and can’t be rushed Maturity gives you perspective, which lends stability to your social interactions You come to understand your own strengths and weaknesses Family experience provides an environment in which you can find comfort and support, but experience gained outside the home is critical for your personal development Life experience shows up in your attitude; you’ll have a certain degree of confidence in yourself and an awareness of your limits. It will show up in your appearance, and it will show up in a growing, expanding appreciation for what might be called your
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This note was uploaded on 04/04/2011 for the course PSYC 1300 taught by Professor Bush during the Fall '09 term at University of Houston.

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Chapter 17 you and groups - Chapter 17 you and groups You...

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