Chapter 09 - 12 Terms

Chapter 09 - 12 Terms - Chapters912Terms! Chapter9Termos

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Chapters 9-12 Terms! Chapter 9 Termos Western land claims  - The Treaty of Paris that ended the American Revolution established American sovereignty over  their land - so they had to figure out how they should governed, and how the conflicting claims to it by several of the states  should be resolved. Trans-Appalachian land claims were ceded to the Federal government between 1781 and 1787;  Kentucky was separated from Virginia and made into a new state in 1792. Land Ordinance of 1785  - Congress wanted to raise money through the sale of land in the largely unmapped territory  west of the colonies. Northwest Ordinance of 1787  - Measures for the division and settlement of the Northwest Territory, the region extending  from the Ohio River to the Great Lakes and west of Pennsylvania to the Mississippi River. TJeff wrote it. Also laid out  process of colonies shifting into statehood. Shays' Rebellion  - uprising in Massachusetts lead by Daniel Shay; 1200 disgruntled farmers, sparked by economic  conditions. Alex Hamilton's role in calling the Philly Convention  - Powerful constitutional supporter, fighting crazily against the  opposition of George Clinton and becoming a strong advocate of the new government. Ben Frank's role at the convention  - He was instrumental in achieving adoption of the Constitution James Madison and the Constitution  - Also strongly supported ratification of the Constitution and was a contributor to  The Federalist Papers (look down there). The Virginia (large state) plan  - Called for a TWO HOUSE legislature with representation of each state based on its  population or wealth. This was over disputes that big states would not be represented properly, since they had more  people. The New Joisey (small state) plan  - A plan on behalf of the small states that would allow each state to have ONE VOTE  in a ONE HOUSE Congress. The Great Compromise  - proposed two houses: a lower house which was elected in proportion to population, and an  upper house, where the people of each state, regardless of size, collectively would have 2 Senators as representatives.  This was added to the Virginia plan Electoral College  - (election system) Originally each state chose electors equal in number to its representatives and  senators. The electors voted for two candidates each, at least one of whom had to be from another state. The 3/5ths Compromise 
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This note was uploaded on 04/05/2011 for the course APUSH 101 taught by Professor Unknown during the Spring '11 term at Troy.

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Chapter 09 - 12 Terms - Chapters912Terms! Chapter9Termos

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