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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 14 Terms Popular literature of the period around the 1850s abounded with portraits of unique, isolated figures like: 1. Jamess Fenimore Coopers heroic Natty Bumpo 2. Herman Melvilles restless Captain Ahab 3. George Catlin- a painter and student of Native American life, he was among the first Americans to advocate the preservation of nature as a deliberate national policy. Fearing for the preservations of Indians and the buffalo they hunted, Catlin proposed the creation of a national park. 4. Irish potato famine- In the mid 1840s, a terrible rot attacked the potato crop upon which the Irish had grown dangerously dependent. of them were killed by disease or starvation. Tens of thousands flocked to America in these Black Forties 5. Ancient Order of Hibernians- a semisecret society in Ireland to fight greedy landlords- served as a benevolent society in the US, aiding the downtrodden 6. Molly Maguires- Spawned by the Ancient Order of Hibernians, it was a shadowy Irish miners union that s wayed the Pennsylvania coal districts in the 1860s and 1870s 7. Tammany Hall- In New York, the Irish were quickly attracted to politics and gained control of powerful city machines here, reaping the patronage rewards. 8. The American or Know-Nothing Party- Formed in 1849 by the American nativists, who protested the arrival of...
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- Spring '11
- The American