Chapter 26 Terms

Chapter 26 Terms - Chapter 26 Terms 1. Indian Territory...

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Chapter 26 Terms 1. Indian Territory (Oklahoma) - the Great West, by 1890, had been carved into states and the four territories of Utah, Arizona, New Mexico, and Oklahoma, which was also known as Indian territory. 2. Sand Creek Massacre, 1864 -- At Sand Creek, Colorado, Colonel J. M. Chivington’s militia massacred in cold blood some four hundred Indians who apparently thought they had been promised immunity. Women were shot praying for mercy, children had their brains dashed out, and braves were tortured, scalped, and unspeakably mutilated. 3. Custer’s Last Stand, 1876 -- Colonel Custer’s Seventh Cavalry, nearly half of them immigrants, set out to suppress the Indians and to return them to the reservations. Attacking what turned out to be a superior force of 2,500 well- armed warriors, the “white Chief with Yellow Hair” and his 264 officers and men were completely wiped out in 1876 when two supporting columns failed to come to their rescue. 4. Chief Joseph and Nez Perce', 1877 -- One band of Nez Perce' Indians in northeastern Oregon were goaded into daring flight in 1877, when U.S. authorities tried to herd them onto a reservation. Chief Joseph finally surrendered his breakaway band of some seven hundred Indians after a tortuous, seventeen-hundred mile, three month trek across the Continental Divide towards Canada. There Joseph hoped to rendezvous with Sitting Bull, who had taken refuge north of the border after the Battle of Little Bighorn (Custer’s Last Stand). Betrayed into believing they would be returned to their ancestral lands in Idaho, the Nez Perce's instead were sent to a dusty reservation in Kansas, where 40% of them perished from disease. 5. Geronimo and the Apache -- Geronimo, whose eyes blazed hatred of the whites, led the Apache tribes of Arizona and New Mexico. They were pursued into Mexico by federal troops using the sun flashing heliograph, a communication devise that impressed the Indians as “big medicine.” 6. Helen Hunt Jackson -- a Massachusetts writer of children’s literature who pricked the moral sense of Americans in 1881 when she published A Century of Dishonor. The book chronicled the sorry record of government ruthlessness and chicanery in dealing with the Indians. Her later novel Ramona, a love story of injustice to the California Indians, sold some 600.000 copies and further inspired sympathy for the Indians. 7. Battle of Wounded Knee, 1890 -- When the “Ghost Dance” cult spread to the Dakota Sioux, the army bloodily stamped it out in 1890 at the so-called Battle of Wounded Knee. In the fighting thus provoked, an estimated two hundred Indian men, women, and children were killed, as well as twenty-nine invading soldiers. 8.
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This note was uploaded on 04/05/2011 for the course APUSH 101 taught by Professor Unknown during the Spring '11 term at Troy.

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Chapter 26 Terms - Chapter 26 Terms 1. Indian Territory...

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