Chapter 29 Terms

Chapter 29 Terms - Chapter 29 Terms 1. Progressives - new...

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Chapter 29 Terms 1. Progressives -- new crusaders of the new century of 1900 who waged war on many evils, notably monopoly, corruption, inefficiency, and social injustice. Large, diverse army and widely deployed but had single battle cry: “Strengthen the State.” 2. Henry Demarest Lloyd -- in 1894 charged headlong into the Standard Oil Company with his book Wealth Against Commonwealth 3. Thorstein Veblen -- assailed the new rich with his prickly pen in The Theory of the Leisure Class in 1899; a savage attack on “predatory wealth” and “conspicuous consumption.” 4. Jacob Riis -- Danish immigrant, reporter for the New York Sun shocked middle-class Americans in 1890 with How the Other Half Lives. His account was a damning indictment of the dirt, disease, vice, and misery of the rat-gnawed human rookeries known as New York Slums. The book deeply influenced a future New York City police commissioner Theodore Roosevelt. 5. Theodore Dreiser -- used his blunt prose to batter promoters and profiteers in The Financier 1912 and The Titan 1914. 6. Socialists -- many were European immigrants inspired by the strong movement for state socialism in the old world, began to register appreciable strength at the ballot box. 7. The Social Gospel -- High-minded messengers of the social gospel promoted a brand of progressivism based in Christian teachings. They used religious doctrine to demand better housing and living conditions for the urban poor. 8. Muckrakers -- branded “muckrakers” by Roosevelt in 1906. Enterprising editors financed extensive research on dirt on the public and encouraged pugnacious writing led by bright reporters who were nicknamed muckrakers because Roosevelt annoyed by their excess of zeal compared the mudslinging magazine dirt-diggers to the figure in Bunyan’s Pilgrim’s Progress who was so intent on raking manure that he could not see the celestial crown dangling overhead. Despite presidential scolding, these muckrakers boomed circulation and some of their most scandalous exposures were published as best-selling books. 9. Lincoln Steffens -- 1902 brilliant New York reporter launched series of articles in Mclure’s titled “The Shame of the Cities”. He fearlessly unmasked the corrupt alliance between big business and municipal government. 10. Ida Tarbell -- followed Steffens in the same magazine. She was a pioneering journalist who published a devastating but factual expose' of the Standard Oil Company. Fearing legal reprisals the muckraking magazines went to great pains and expense to check their material -- paying as much as three thousand dollars to verify a single Tarbell article. 11. Thomas Lawson -- erratic speculator who had himself made $50 million on the stock market laid bare the practices of his accomplices in “frenzied Finance” This series of articles appearing in 1905-1906 rocketed the circulation of Everbody’s. Lawson, by fouling his own nest, made many enemies among his rich associates, and he died a poor man. 12.
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This note was uploaded on 04/05/2011 for the course APUSH 101 taught by Professor Unknown during the Spring '11 term at Troy.

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Chapter 29 Terms - Chapter 29 Terms 1. Progressives - new...

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