Chapter 31 Terms

Chapter 31 Terms - Chapter 31 Terms 1 Peace without...

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Chapter 31 Terms 1. “Peace without victory” (Jan. 1917) – Woodrow Wilson, the lover of peace, was forced to lead a hesitant and peace-loving nation into war. His final attempt to mediate between “embattled belligerents” was one of his most moving addresses, which restated America’s Commitment to neutral rights and declaring that only a negotiated “peace without victory” would prove durable. 2. Unlimited Submarine warfare (Jan. 1917) – In response to Wilson’s speech, the German warlords announced their decision to wage unrestricted submarine warfare. They would sink ALL ships, including America’s in the war zone. 3. Zimmerman note (March 1917) – It was an intercepted note from German’s foreign secretary Arthur Zimmermann to Mexico. It proposed a secret German-Mexican Alliance, in which Mexico could recover the land it lost, such as New Mexico, Texas, and Arizona. 4. Russian Revolution (March 1917) – It was revolution in Russia that had toppled the cruel regime of the tsars. It caused the Russians to back out of the war. 5. “War to end wars”/”Make the world safe for democracy” – The American people did not want a war. They had prided themselves on their isolationism from the periodic outbursts of militarized violence that afflicted the Old World. To stimulate the country, Wilson would have to proclaim more glorified aims. He declared the two goals of “a war to end war” and a crusade “to make the world safe for democracy.” With these words, he was able to hypnotize the nation and fire up the public mind to a fever pitch. 6. Wilson’s Fourteen Points (Jan. 1918) – On January 8, 1918, Wilson delivered his famous Fourteen Points Address to an enthusiastic Congress. The first five were, a proposal to abolish secret treaties , which pleased liberals of all countries, freedom of the seas, which appealed to the Germans as well as to the Americans, a
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