Chapter 34 Terms

Chapter 34 Terms - Chapter 34 1 The Brain Trust IT was a...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 34 1. The Brain Trust – IT was a small group of reform minded intellectuals that ghost wrote Roosevelt’s speeches for the New Deal. They were predominantly young college professors who were a kind of kitchen cabinet. They later authored much of the New Deal legislation. 2. Election of 1932 – FDR seized the offensive with a slashing attack on the Republican Old Dealers. In the mean while, Hoover remained in the white house battling the depression through short lunches and long hours. FDR won on the largest margin (gr??) ever in a presidential election. 3. Bank Holiday, March 1933 – It was proposed by Roosevelt as a prelude to open the banks on a sounder basis. 4. The Hundred Days – Roosevelt summoned the Democratic Congress into special session to cope with the national emergency. For One Hundred Days, the members hastily cranked out an unprecedented basketful of remedial legislation. Some of it derived from earlier progressivism, but these new measures mostly sough to deal with a desperate emergency. 5. The Three Rs – Roosevelt’s New Deal programs aimed at Relief, Recovery, and Reform. Short range goals were relief and immediate recovery, especially in the first two years. Long range goals were permanent recovery and reform of current abuses, particularly those that had produced the boom or bust catastrophe. The three R objectives often overlapped and got in one another’s way. 6. Fireside Chats – FDR used the radio to deliver the first of his thirty famous “fireside chats”. He gave assurances that it was now safer to keep money in a reopened bank than “under the mattress”. Confidence returned and banks began to unlock their doors. 7. Glass-Setagall Banking Reform Act – It buttressed public reliance on the banking system by enacting the memorable Act which provided for the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporatiom , which insured individual deposits up to 5000. Thus ended the disgraceful epidemic of bank failures. 8. Federal Deposit Insurance Corp. (FDIC) – they insured individual deposits up to 5000. 9. Civilian Conservation Corp. (CCC) – It was the most popular of all the New Deal alphabetical agencies. This law provided employment in fresh air government camps for about 3 million uniformed young men who might have been driven by desperation into criminal habits. Their work was useful – including reforestation, fire fighting, flood control, and swamp drainage. The recruits were required to help their parents by sending home most of their pay. Both human resources and natural resources were conserved. 10. Federal Emergency Relief Act – Its chief aim was immediate relief rather than long range recovery. The resulting Federal Emergency Relief Administration was handed over to zealous Harry L. Hopkins, a painfully thin, shabbily dressed, chain smoking New York social worker who had earlier
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/05/2011 for the course APUSH 101 taught by Professor Unknown during the Spring '11 term at Troy.

Page1 / 3

Chapter 34 Terms - Chapter 34 1 The Brain Trust IT was a...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online