Chapter 37 Terms

Chapter 37 Terms - 1 Taft Hartley Act 1947 It was passed...

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1. Taft Hartley Act, 1947 – It was passed over President Truman's vigorous veto. It was a slave labor law that outlawed the "closed" (all union) shop, made unions liable for damages that resulted from jurisdictional disputes among themselves, and required union leaders to take a uncommunist oath. It was one of the obstacles that slowed the growth of organized labor in the years after World War II. 2. Full Employment Act, 1946 – It made it a government policy "to promote maximum employment, production, and purchasing power." The act created a three member Council of Economic Advisers to provide the president with the data and the recommendations to make the policy a reality. 3. GI Bill of Rights, 1944 – It was also known ad Servicemen's Readjustment Act of 1944. It was enacted partly out of fear that the employment markets would never be able to absorb 15 million returning veterans at war's end. The bill also pushed schools for these veterans. . The total eventually spent for education some $14.5 billion in tax payer's dollars. The Act also enabled the Veterans Administration to guarantee about $16 billion in loans for veterans to buy homes, farms, and small businesses. 4. Levittown – The first Levittown was made by the Levitt brothers on New York's Long Island. They were builders that revolutionized the techniques of home construction. Erecting hundreds or even thousands of dwellings in a single project, specialized crew working from standardized plans laid foundations, while other raised factory assembled framing modules, put on roofs, strung wires, installed plumbing, and finished the walls in record time with cost-cutting efficiency. 5. White Flight – "Whites flew" to the leafy green suburbs left the inner cities – especially those in the Northeast and Midwest – black, brown, and broke. Migrating blacks from the south filled up the urban neighborhoods that were abandoned by the departing white middle class. In effect, the incoming blacks imported the grinding poverty of the rural South into the inner cores of northern cities. 6. Baby Boom – huge leap in birthrate in the decade and half after 1945. Confident young men and women tied the nuptial knot in record numbers at war's end, and they began immediately to fill the nation's empty cradles. They thus touched off a demographic explosion that added more than 50 million bawling babies to the nation's population by the end of the 1950s. 7. Yalta Conference, Feb. 1945 – It was the final conference for the Big Three. The final plan was laid for smashing the buckling German lines and shaking the beaten Axis foe. Stalin agreed that Poland, with revised boundaries, should have a representative government based on free elections – a pledge he soon broke. Bulgaria and Romania were likewise to have free elections – A promise also flouted. The Big Three further announced plans for fashioning a new international peace keeping organization – The
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This note was uploaded on 04/05/2011 for the course APUSH 101 taught by Professor Unknown during the Spring '11 term at Troy.

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Chapter 37 Terms - 1 Taft Hartley Act 1947 It was passed...

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