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c161l5_09_12 - Naming of Acids Simple acids Hydro anion ic...

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Naming of Acids Naming of Acids W Simple acids Hydro + anion + ic Examples HCl Hydrochloric Hydrochloric HCN Hydrocyanic Hydrocyanic W Oxoacids “-ate” anions – anion + ic “-ite” anions – anion + ous Example HClO Hypochlorous Hypochlorous HClO 3 - Chloric Chloric
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Organic Compounds Organic Compounds W Compounds that contain carbon except for certain simple inorganic compounds Oxides (CO, CO 2 ) Carbonates and bicarbonates Carbides Carbonic acid W Called “organic” because first noticed in organic material Most biologically important molecules are organic or based on organic compounds Many organic compounds never found in nature
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Hydrocarbons Hydrocarbons W Simplest of organic molecules Contain only C and H W Alkanes Basis of all organic chemistry Names based on number of carbons in longest chain CH CH 4 Methane Methane H 3 CCH CCH 3 Ethane Ethane H 3 CCH CCH 2 CH CH 3 Propane Propane H 3 CCH CCH 2 CH CH 2 CH CH 3 Butane Butane 5 Pentane, 6 Hexane, 7 5 Pentane, 6 Hexane, 7
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